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 Assessment Description

Based on the required topic Resources, write a reflection about worldview and respond to following:

  1. In 250-300 words, explain the Christian perspective of the nature of spirituality and ethics in contrast to the perspective of postmodern relativism within health care.
  2. In 250-300 words, explain what scientism is and describe two of the main arguments against it.
  3. In 750-1,000 words, answer each of the worldview questions according to your own personal perspective and worldview:
    1. What is ultimate reality?
    2. What is the nature of the universe?
    3. What is a human being?
    4. What is knowledge?
    5. What is your basis of ethics?
    6. What is the purpose of your existence?

Remember to support your reflection with the topic Resources.

While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.

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100% SIMILARITY SCORE 18   CITATION ITEMS 11   GRAMMAR ISSUES 0   FEEDBACK COMMENT Internet Source   26% Institution   83%

Essivi Legzim Badakou

Worldview Analysis and Personal Inventory


 1287 Words  



“Christian Perspective of The Nature of Spirituality and Ethics in Contrast to The View of

Postmodern Relativism Within the Health Care.”

The nature of ethics and spirituality is examined from a theological viewpoint in

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Worldview Analysis

Essivi Legzim Badakou

Grand Canyon University



“Worldview Analysis”

Christianity. It claims that spirituality is a religious and theological lens through which the

concept of God is explained in terms of who, what, and how. God is viewed as the all-powerful

and immortal deity who reigns supreme over everything and everyone (Villegas, 2018).

Christians have formed belief systems provided in the Bible based on their view of God as a

notion. These belief systems explain the meaning of life and the purpose of human life. Humans

may strive and reach a transcending condition for all life experiences with this knowledge.

As a result, spirituality performs theological and symbolic roles. Furthermore, it makes

Christians more tolerant of life since there is an assumption that God directs all fate and that

everything that happens, good or evil, must have been authorized by God. Apart from that,

Christians see ethics as making decisions based on God's commands as laid down in the Bible.

They rely on spirituality to comply with God's demands without ambiguity.

The Christian viewpoint on spirituality and ethics has consequences for health care since

it guides decision-making by establishing boundaries for accepting options/choices when making

decisions. Postmodern relativism takes a more liberal approach to spirituality, saying there is no

objective truth. It is unclear to argue that God exists or does not exist, with each alternative being

a possibility. In the same way, when it comes to ethics, postmodern relativism holds that

opposing ethical views might be legitimate or flawed, but there is no absolute truth. The

inference is that no one argument should be dismissed because it is incompatible with another.

The concept of postmodern relativism is precious in health care since it promotes multicultural

care delivery by tolerating differences. Medical professionals would recognize that they do not


have a monopoly on the truth regarding spirituality and ethics, and those obscure civilizations

should not be overlooked with this insight.

Scientism And the Two Main Arguments Against It

Essentially, scientism believes that the hard sciences like chemistry, biology, physics, and

astronomy are the sole authentic sources of information about reality. At the very least, this

scientific understanding is far superior to anything we can learn from any other subject (Hietanen

et al.,2020). Ethics and religion may be acceptable, but only if they are recognized as

intrinsically subjective and treated as personal choices. The argument that ethical and religious

conclusions may be just as factual as science and hence should be acknowledged as scientific

realities, according to scientism, could be a symptom of bias and intolerance. It indicates that

hard sciences rely on accurate, reproducible, and testable evidence to provide credible results. In

contrast to hard sciences, soft sciences are regarded as pseudosciences because they give

estimates and conjectures that are prone to change and may not be repeatable, making them

inferior to hard sciences.

There are two basic counter-arguments to scientism. Hard sciences do not provide

absolute truths and facts since they are reorganized by current environmental understanding and

measuring tools. In hard sciences, things previously regarded as fundamental facts are not

changed when new knowledge is revealed. This implies that the knowledge provided by both

soft and hard sciences is liable to change throughout time. Secondly, the hard sciences have

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 Passive voice: have been authorized

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taken a totalitarian attitude that is too reliant on logic while dismissing personal opinion. These

dictatorial techniques suppress willful thought, which is necessary for discovering new

knowledge and developing research.

Worldview Questions According to My Perspective and Worldview


What is ultimate reality?

The concept that every human results from interactions with the environment are known

as ultimate reality. My environment impacts how I develop, and I am a product of nurture. My

beliefs, mannerisms, and cognitive processes have affected my family, neighborhood,

community, city, state, government, and other environmental variables. For example, if I were a

Muslim, I would accept polygamy more and less of a Christian. The two religious beliefs have

different views on the number of partners in lawful marriage. As a result, ultimate reality

investigates how experience influences reasoning, decision-making, and life views.

The nature of the universe?

Nature is constantly changing, with time being the most fundamental change. Energy is

used to drive change in the universe, with the degree and direction of change decided by priority

processes like competition, extinction, evolution, and energy conversion (Riess, 2020). Nature

does not break these rules because it is as it is, and a supernatural being ensures that it stays that

way. As a result, nature may be defined as time, space, and matter.

What is a human being?

There are two ways to define a human being. The first definition comes from a religious

standpoint, in which God is identified as the creator of humans. According to the Christian

creation account, people were formed in God's image to reproduce and do his will, including

caring for other things and obeying the Ten Commandments (King James Bible,2017 , Genesis

1:27). The second definition comes from a biological standpoint, which sees people as products

of evolution who have evolved higher mental processes that allow them to adapt their

surroundings to their requirements. Humans have developed complex languages and terminology


and technology and clothing that would enable them to utilize the world beyond their physical

capacities, thanks to the higher mental process.

What is knowledge?

Knowledge is the distinct collection of facts, information, and abilities that a human

acquires intellectually via experience and education. Experience entails doing knowledge to get

acquainted with it, whereas education entails participating in formal and informal procedures to

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 verb acquire (get, develop): acquires  get

gain theoretical knowledge. Individuals with knowledge can think more creatively. A person

skilled in engineering, for example, can successfully manage a building project, whereas a

person knowledgeable in medicine can diagnose and cure diseases.

What is your basis of ethics?

My understanding of ethics is founded on two ideas. The first premise is that moral good

and wrong are determined by personal opinion, beliefs, and awareness. This is based on what my

surroundings have taught me. For example, I think that everyone should perform honest labor to

make a livelihood and that stealing is wrong. I would find it tough to steal regardless of my

surroundings or regulations. The second component is public views and principles. Although I

have personal opinions, they may or may not coincide with the general beliefs formed by public

debate and consensus. For example, ethical rules govern how to handle private information in the

workplace, and regardless of my own opinions, I must adhere to the guidelines.

What is the purpose of your existence?

I exist to serve two reasons. My primary goal is to procreate for future generations, which

involves getting married, having children, working to make money, and providing for my

family's necessities. It also entails caring for my environment so that future generations do not

suffer from my mistakes. My second goal is to fulfill God's will by adhering to religious values


such as the Ten Commandments and acting with integrity. I believe that God made me serve and

am only valuable for as long as I perform. As a result, my goal is to procreate, leave a better

planet for future generations, and carry out God's will.

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 Passive voice: wrong are determined by

 Redundant phrase: personal opinion  opinion

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Hietanen, J., Turunen, P., Hirvonen, I., Karisto, J., Pättiniemi, I., & Saarinen, H. (2020). How not

to criticise scientism. Metaphilosophy, 51(4), 522-547.

King James Bible. (2017). King James Bible Online. https://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/

Palit, P. (2020). 3.19 Ultimate Reality and Its Meaning in the Philosophy of Sri

Ramakrishna. Ultimate Reality and Meaning, 37(1-2), 99-106.

Riess, A. G. (2020). The expansion of the Universe is faster than expected. Nature Reviews

Physics, 2(1), 10-12.

Villegas, D. L. (2018). Spirituality and belief: Implications for study and practice of Christian

spirituality. HTS: Theological Studies, 74(3), 1-8.