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Computron Inc. is a public corporation specializing in software manufacturing. The company designs and develops software programs that allow users to create their own documents, apps, animations, and other media content. The company’s sales revenue and profit margins have decreased over the years because of the Covid-19 pandemic and complaints of some parents about the effect of video games on their kids’ social life and academic performance.

The company recently hired Jenny Cochran, a graduate of UC to assist the chairman of the board to turnaround the fortunes of the company. Cochran recommendations included doubling the plant capacity, opening new sales offices outside the home territory, and launching an expensive advertising campaign to boost cash flows and stock price. Cochran believes that undertaking of such capital budgeting projects would increase sales, net income, and free cash flows to boost the stock price.

The corporate tax rate is 40%.

The following financial statement and reports were made available by the finance department for analysis:

Computron’s Income Statement

 

 

 

2019

2020

Net sales

2,059,200

3,500,640

Cost of Goods Sold

1,718,400

2,988,000

Other Expenses

204,000

432,000

Depreciation and amortization

11,340

70,176

Total Operating Costs

1,933,740

3,490,176

Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT)

125,460

10,464

Less interest

37,500

105,600

Pre-tax earnings

87,960

(95,136)

Taxes (40%)

35,184

(38,054)

Net Income

52,776

(57,082)

 

Computron’s Balance Sheet

 

 

Assets

 

 

Cash and equivalents

5,400

4,369

Short-term investments

29,160

12,000

Accounts receivable

210,720

379,296

Inventories

429,120

772,416

Total current assets

674,400

1,168,081

Gross fixed assets

294,600

721,770

Less: Accumulated depreciation

87,720

157,896

Net plant and equipment

206,880

563,874

Total assets

881,280

1,731,955

 

Liabilities and equity

 

 

Accounts payable

87,360

194,400

Notes payable

120,000

432,000

Accruals

81,600

170,976

Total current liabilities

288,960

797,376

Long-term bonds

194,059

600,000

Common Stock

276,000

276,000

Retained Earnings

122,261

58,579

Total Equity

398,261

334,579

Total Liabilities and Equity

881,280

1,731,955

 

a. Explain to the chairman of the board 
three 
properties of future cashflows that would likely help increase Computron’s value.

b. What is Computron’s net operating profit after taxes (NOPAT) for 2020?

c. Calculate Computron’s free cash flow for 2020 if net investment in total operating capital is $671,419.

d. Explain to the chairman of the board 
five 
uses of free cash flow to help maximize the value of the firm.

e. Explain Economic Value Added (EVA) and compute Computron’s EVA for 2020 if total net operating capital is $1,354,579? The company’s weighted average cost of capital (WACC) is 10.0%.

f. Calculate the following 
profitability ratios 
for Computron in 2020:

g.

i. Operating profit margin

ii. Return on assets (ROA)

iii. Return on equity (ROE)

iv. Basic Earning Power (BEP)

h. Calculate the following 
asset management ratios 
for Computron in 2020:

i. total assets turnover

ii. Days sales outstanding (DSO)

i. Calculate the following 
liquidity and debt management ratios 
for Computron in 2020:

iii. Current ratio

iv. Quick ratio

v. Debt-to-assets ratio

vi. Times-interest earned ratio

j. Given the following industry ratios for 2020, how do you evaluate the financial performance of Computron (
poor or better
) and explain:

a. Operating profit margin

7.20%

b. Basic Earning Power

15.60%

c. ROE

15.40%

d. Return on Assets

10.80%

e. Total Assets turnover

1.5

f. Days sales outstanding

28.00

g. Current ratio

2.50

h. Quick ratio

1.90

i. Debt-to-assets ratio

15%

j. Times-interest-earned

13.00

 

i. Computron has a negative free cash flow in 2020. The financial manager explains to the board that there is nothing wrong with value-adding growth, even if it causes negative free cash flows in the short-term. Using return on invested capital (ROIC) performance evaluation approach, determine whether Cochran’s recommendation is adding value. Total operating capital of the company is $1,354,579 and WACC is 10%.