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for A use the files name :1- Biomimicry.pptx
2-Biomimicry – Technique 29.pptx
3-Biomimicry Guided Tour.pdf
For B use these :
1- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JL9URxJA6r4
2-  Biomimicry Guided Tour.pdf

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Preview YouTube video 25 Accidental Inventions That Changed The World


25 Accidental Inventions That Changed The World

ASSIGNMENT 2 (100 POINTS)

INNOVATION: PAST AND PRESENT DISCOVERIES

EITHER OPTION A OR OPTION B

This assignment will comprise:

· Research related to either Option A (Biomimicry) or Option B (Accidental Discoveries), and

· A comprehensive paper related to either Option A or Option B

OVERVIEW

This assignment requires you to consider technological innovations related to past and/or present discoveries. Biomimicry facilitates addressing problems by finding solutions inspired by nature. Accidental inventions have also led to innovations that have changed our world.

IF CHOOSING OPTION A – BIOMIMICRY

Go to Written Assignments tab in Blackboard > Assignment 2 folder, Option A subfolder for:

· PowerPoint slides on Biomimicry to learn more about the topic.

· PowerPoint slide with reference that directs you to Sycamore e-Learning tile (App):

Go to Sycamore e-Learning tile (App) via MyISU portal to search for Silverstein, D., Samuel, P., & DeCarlo, N. (2012). The Innovator's Toolkit: 50+ Techniques for Predictable and Sustainable Organic Growth (2nd Ed.). John Wiley & Sons. Search e-book with ID: 49766.

This source merely informs you about biomimicry; it’s one of many on the topic that may be used in your research. Incorporating this source is not a requirement for your paper.

· Carry out additional research on biomimicry utilizing online search tools (e.g., Google) and resources from the ISU Cunningham Memorial Library to learn more about the topic.

Carry out independent research on biomimicry, in general, and a real-life application, specifically, to write about. That is, choose your own real-life application after researching biomimicry; your topic/example may NOT be listed on the PowerPoint slides presented below.

Biomimicry PowerPoint Slides – Presentation topics excluded as options for your paper:

Streamlined Shinkansen Train

Velcro

Wind Turbines

Skin Grafts

E-Reader Displays

Spy / Surveillance Planes

NASA Inspired (Bio)Films

Adhesive

Option A – In your paper, address the following areas:

· Define biomimicry; cite your source.

· Discuss the importance of biomimicry in general as a discovery technique for ideas.

· Identify / name the real-life application you selected as an example of biomimicry.

· Describe the problem this real-life application solves.

· Provide a timeline of the real-life application from discovery to solution in the real world.

· Provide a minimum of five (5) references specific to biomimicry and/or the real-life example

· Search for a guided tour, walk, workshop, or any other event about biomimicry held anywhere in the world. For example, this summer I came upon an advertisement for a guided walk at the National Botanic Garden in Ireland. Refer to PDF, in Option A subfolder, to see my example. Include description of event, contact information, etc. in narrative format in your paper. You may also include an image, if available, as an attachment.

IF CHOOSING OPTION b – accidental discoveries

Go to Written Assignments tab in Blackboard > Assignment 2 folder, Option B subfolder for:

· Video describing 25 accidental discoveries that helped change our world.

· Also, carry out your own research utilizing online search tools (e.g., Google) and resources from the ISU Cunningham Memorial Library to identify other discoveries that may have occurred by accident.

Carry out independent research using various search terms (e.g., discovery, discoveries, invention(s), innovation(s), etc., until you come across one that is not mentioned in the video. That is, choose your own accidental discovery to write about; your topic/example may NOT be among the 25 listed in the video. How creative you can be by finding something unique?

Option B – In your paper, address the following areas:

· Define invention and innovation; cite your sources.

· Identify / name the accidental discovery you selected as an example to write about.

· Discuss how accidental discovery (or opportunity) was recognized or otherwise came about.

· Describe the problem this accidental discovery helped ultimately solve.

· Provide a timeline from discovery to solution in the real world.

· Provide a minimum of five (5) references specific to your example.

· Search for a guided tour, walk, workshop, or any other course related event about inventions or innovations held any where in the world. For example, this summer I came upon an advertisement for a guided walk about biomimicry at the National Botanic Garden in Ireland. Refer to PDF, in Option B subfolder, to see my example. Include description of event, contact information, etc. in narrative format in your paper. You may also include an image, if available, as an attachment.

EVALUATION OF ASSIGNMENT

Your written paper should incorporate the following components:

Format and Mechanics (15 Points)

· APA (American Psychological Association) style formatting, according to the 6th edition.

· double-spaced on standard-sized paper (8.5" x 11") with 1" margins on all sides.

· 12-point type, Times New Roman font, page header (e.g., Last Name | Topic).

· https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/section/2/10/

· Paper is error-free. Punctuation, spelling, and grammar have been checked and all mistakes have been corrected.

Organization (15 Points)

· Paper is professional in appearance.

· Paper includes four major sections: the Title Page [including course number and name, title of paper , your name], Abstract, Main Body (length of main body to be three (3) – five (5) full pages, which excludes the other three sections), and References.

· https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/

· Paper addresses all items put forth in assignment and includes clear transitions from one response to the next by use of appropriate headings and possibly subheadings.

Questions (50 Points)

· Address all bulleted items listed above beneath either Option A or Option B, depending on which option you chose.

Support (Sources of Information – 10 Points)

· Draw on your own research and course content in some way to develop a reference list.

· Use the Indiana State Cunningham Memorial Library Databases and other means to identify potentially meaningful, relevant, sources that support your work. Include five (5) or more sources of information in a reference list, per APA format.

Originality / Creativity (10 Points)

· Research appears to be sufficiently detailed.

· Example is your own and appropriate.

Final Draft and Submission Instructions

Be sure to proofread your initial drafts and check for punctuation, spelling, and grammar. To participate in a Math & Writing Center consultation, please allow sufficient time to incorporate edits and follow the directions identified on the Math and Writing Center's website.

You will submit your final draft, in the form of a Microsoft Word document, via Turnitin in Blackboard (‘Assignments’ tab > respective project folder) so that it may be checked for originality (plagiarism) and then graded according to the evaluation criteria provided herein.

If you have any questions, please contact the Instructor before the deadline.

[Type text] [Type text] [Type text]

HRD 4/501 – Fundamentals of Technological Innovation

6.0 (Needs Work)

7.5 (Proficient)

8.5 (Substantial)

10.0 (Exemplary)

Format

(x 1.00)

· The paper overlooks suggested font, spacing, and/or headers.

· The author has attempted to cite sources, though APA format is not followed.

· OR, limited citation information.

· APA format is mostly followed, and the paper appears professional.

· 3-5 citation errors are noted; nearly all necessary citation information is included.

· The paper is in APA format.

· Includes proper font, spacing, and headers.

· 3-5 citation errors are noted, though all necessary citation information is included.

· The paper is in APA format.

· Includes proper font, spacing, and headers.

· Only 1-2 citation errors are noted.

Mechanics

(x 0.50)

· Paper has not been proofread or revised.

· Punctuation and grammar errors obscure meaning.

· OR, rarely includes one’s own thoughts or paraphrases.

· It is unclear whether the paper has been revised.

· There are many errors in punctuation and grammar, but they do not obscure meaning.

· Some overuse of direct quotes.

· The paper has clearly been revised, though there are a few errors in punctuation and grammar.

· Mostly original thoughts and paraphrases.

· The paper has clearly been revised.

· Punctuation, spelling, and grammar are used correctly throughout.

Organization

(x 1.50)

· Paper does not include all major sections, or main body is 3 pages but incomplete.

· OR, thesis is unclear, or the paper strays off topic.

· OR, no evidence of organization is evident; few transitions or headings are used.

· Title page missing or abstract lacks details/effort.

· OR, main body is 3-5 pages, but portions repeat information.

· Only a general thesis is present.

· Paper does not stray from the thesis but its organization is not logical or transitions are absent.

· Paper includes a title page, abstract, main body, and references.

· Main body is 3 – 5 pages, and includes topic sentences.

· Paper does not stray from ideas presented in thesis. Some transitions/headings are used.

· Paper includes a title page, abstract, main body, and references.

· Main body is 3 – 5 full pages, and includes topic sentences.

· Information is presented in a logical fashion, with clear transitions by use of headings.

Questions

(x 5.00)

· Attempts to answer the question, but strays off topic.

· Details are insufficient to elaborate on main points.

· Addresses the question.

· Some details are used, but they are not always relevant or numerous enough to elaborate on main points.

· Answers the question.

· Details are used to elaborate points, though focus is narrow.

· OR, some main points could be explored further.

· Answers the question clearly and thoroughly.

· Details are used to elaborate on main points.

Support

(x 1.00)

· Uses only 3-4 scholarly sources.

· OR, uses several sources but most are non-scholarly/dated.

· OR, information is not relevant to the topic of discussion.

· Uses some scholarly sources but also some non-scholarly articles to loosely support discussion.

· OR, there is little variety in source types though all dated.

· Uses 5 scholarly sources that are appropriate.

· A variety of sources exists (e.g., journal articles, textbooks, and websites); all are dated.

· Uses 5 or more scholarly sources that are very relevant to the topic of discussion.

· A wide variety of sources exists, and all are dated.

Originality

(x 1.00)

· Selection of topic is not original or appears inappropriate.

· OR, disconnect between paper and course assignment exists.

· OR, lack of depth in responses.

· OR, contribution ill defined.

· The topic seems suitable but author did not take great risks in project selection.

· The author occasionally offers a unique insight or two.

· Selection of topic is original (not one of the examples provided).

· Focus of paper is appropriate for assignment.

· The author offers some original thoughts or perspectives on the topic.

· Selection of topic is original (not one of the examples provided).

· Focus of paper is appropriate for assignment.

· The author offers an original topic, or creative perspectives on the topic.