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For each DQ elaborate within 260-300 words. Use in text citations accordingly. Use scholarly reference(s) along with the one(s) attached as well. Use and cite references using APA 7th Style Guide accordingly. Doctoral level class.

DQ 1) There are a few misconceptions about peer reviewed research that learners have when beginning a doctoral program. Many learners believe things such as the following:

· A published research article is the final word on a subject. 

· Published research is without shortcomings and limitations. 

· All published articles are of equal quality. 

· All authors are experts on the subject they are researching. 

· All journal publication opportunities are benevolent.

With these misconceptions in mind, describe how you currently perceive scholarly literature. How have your perceptions changed given the information presented in your textbook on this topic? How do you know if the research is objective, accurate, authoritative, current, and relevant? How comfortable are you with critiquing research? What is peer-review and how it is relevant to the integrity of scholarly literature?

DQ 2) Writing at the graduate level can appear intimidating, but in reality, scholarly writing consists of foundational writing techniques that encourage readers to establish an original academic voice that is grounded in research. Scholarly writing includes a careful citation of sources that demonstrates engagement with the topic’s relevant literature. As you can see, scholarly writing is rooted in research and not general assumptions and/or prejudices you may have concerning a topic. We want you to take a position in your writing, but if it is not supported by existing research, then it is simply an unsupported opinion. This is why a literature review is a critical component of research. Take a look at the samples below:

1. I believe that daily drinking of alcohol must be stopped because it will lead to major health problems and premature death in young people and adults.

2. Daily drinking of alcohol should be avoided because it can lead to social and health issues, as well as premature death (Root, 2018). There must be more awareness created to inform people of the dangers of alcohol.

3. According to Larson (2017), alcohol abuse is a condition that is affecting families directly or indirectly in the United States (Wilson, 2017). The numbers have continued to steadily increase for the past 10 years (Smith, 2019). The number of alcohol related deaths with young people are disheartening. According to Silk (2020), the number of accidental deaths involving motor vehicles is “200% greater” than it was 10 years ago, even though there have been concerted efforts to raise awareness through state sponsored media campaigns, as well as legal deterrents, such financial penalties and incarceration (p. 164). At the same time, the number of alcohol related illnesses has increased leading to premature deaths in adults. Worth (2018) has noted a spike in liver disease with adult males from 45-60 years old. The increase in deaths from both populations are preventable and is an issue that must receive more attention to ensure the health and safety of young people and adults using alcohol.

In the examples above, how is original thought developed and transformed by the time the writer gets to the third draft? How does the addition of citations increase the credibility and establish the academic voice of the author? Explain.

Reference:

Read this article if applicable to your discipline:

Flanigan, R. L., Bishop, J. L., Brachle, B. J., & Winn, B. A. (2017). Leadership and small firm performance: The moderating effects of demographic characteristics. Creighton Journal of Interdisciplinary Leadership3(1), 2-19. https://doi.org/10.17062/cjil.v3i1.54

https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ1152195

Read

Management, Social Sustainability, Reputation, and Financial Performance Relationships:

An Empirical Examination of U.S. Firms Read this article if applicable to your discipline: Sroufe, R., & Gopalakrishna-Remani, V. (2019). Management, social sustainability, reputation, and financial performance relationships: An empirical examination of U.S. firms. Organization and Environment32(3), 331-362. http://doi.org/10.1177/1086026618756611

https://journals-sagepub-com.lopes.idm.oclc.org/doi/10.1177/1086026618756611

Read

Full-Range Leadership as a Predictor of Extra Effort in Online Higher Education:

The Mediating Effect of Job Satisfaction Read this article if applicable to your discipline: Barnett, D. E. (2019). Full-range leadership as a predictor of extra effort in online higher education: The mediating effect of job satisfaction. Journal of Leadership Education, 18(1), 86-101. https://doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780190264093.013.703

https://web-s-ebscohost-com.lopes.idm.oclc.org/ehost/detail/detail?vid=0&sid=18cb4fe6-5de6-4f43-89bf-d2a7a8d10cf4%40redis&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZSZzY29wZT1zaXRl#AN=EJ1204267&db=eric

Read

Quantitative Analysis of the Demand for Healthcare Services

Marcikic, A., Pejanovic, R., Sedlak, O., Radovanov, B., & Ciric, Z. (2016). Quantitative analysis of the demand for healthcare services. Management (1820-0222)21(80), 55–65. https://doi-org.lopes.idm.oclc.org/10.7595/management.fon.2016.0019

https://eds-p-ebscohost-com.lopes.idm.oclc.org/eds/detail/detail?vid=0&sid=7dcf39e8-1f8c-4c50-97f4-1bf1aa539c68%40redis&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmUmc2NvcGU9c2l0ZQ%3d%3d#AN=120012160&db=bth

Read

Changes in Time-Related Academic Behaviour Are Associated With Contextual Motivational Shifts Read this article if applicable to your discipline: Strunk, K. K., Lane, F. C., & Mwavita, M. (2017). Changes in time-related academic behavior are associated with contextual motivational shifts. Educational Psychology38(2), 203-220. http://doi.org/10.1080/01443410.2017.1384535

https://www-tandfonline-com.lopes.idm.oclc.org/doi/full/10.1080/01443410.2017.1384535