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mental health and social work

Students will create a professional multimedia presentation discussing their research process from start to finish. Presentations should be created in Prezi, YouTube, Screencast-o-matic, or Voice Thread. Presentation must include an introduction of the topic (stating the purpose of your research paper clearly)/problem you are addressing, a brief literature review, the rationale for the best intervention or solution to the problem, anticipated outcomes of your intervention, faith integration with scripture and reflective concluding remarks. Presentations are to include both text (e.g. bullet points), visuals (charts, graphs, images), and narration (audio). Students are NOT to film themselves speaking directly in front of the camera in a casual manner, but to treat this as a professional presentation. Students must submit a working URL link or mp4 file. The total length of the presentation should be between 10 -12 minutes. 

14

Mental Health and Social Work

Shanae Hampton

Cal Baptist University

Introduction

How well a person is able to live a full life, build and maintain relationships and pursue their education, profession or other pursuits requires them to maintain their well-being ranging from physical to mental health. When assisting others to achieve good and self-motivated changes, social workers draw on their relationship-based abilities and emphasize personalization and rehabilitation. A key issue is, "What components and obstacles of an assessment are there in order to reach these outcomes?" When it comes to health promotion and public involvement, social workers are well-suited for this role since primary care is all about these things. Social workers who deal with mental health have unique challenges in assessment, which necessitates them learning and using psychiatric principles. Identifying the need for mental health care requires an understanding of assessment principles.

For this research, the focus is on urban youth's increase in mental health cases which is more influenced by lack of access to mental health care as a result of poverty that affects many children and families in the US. Young people are the most impacted by poverty, accounting for 33% of the total number of individuals in poverty. Children who live in "high risk neighborhoods" are more likely to lack access to the mental health supports they need to manage their symptoms. Stabilization, individual treatment, and symptom management are all important aspects of aftercare for children who have been hospitalized for behavioral difficulties by the time they are six years old (Hodgkinson, 2017).

Literature Review

Inequality based on race and class has been shown to be associated with a variety of negative health outcomes, including poor mental health. Increased financial disparity is associated with an increase in the prevalence of mental illness along a social gradient in mental health. However, psychiatric and psychological approaches have dominated mental health research and policy in the late 20th century and early 21st century, masking the core socioeconomic factors. If left untreated, most adolescents between the ages of 12 and 17 who live in low-income communities and are at high risk of developing psychosis and other mental health issues are more likely to continue to avoid supports and assistance in adulthood, leaving them more at risk of committing crimes. community health workers (CHWs) to bring evidence-based mental health treatments to disadvantaged areas in the United States and in low-and medium income nations Lau (2017). The background characteristics of CHW, their role in intervention delivery, the kinds of interventions they provided, and the implementation assistance they got were all described in 43 publications (39 trials) evaluated. In most studies, CHW-delivered interventions resulted in reduced symptoms. It is possible that training CHWs to support the implementation of evidence-based methods will aid in the reduction of inequities in mental health care (Cama et al., 2017).

Communities across the world urgently need mental health care. With children under the age of 18 Stigma and general ignorance about how important it is for a person to be identified and treated according to their symptoms are to blame for this disparity in access to care. In addition to a lack of financial means, additional problems may prevent children and their families from obtaining the assistance they need. For example, lack of resources to cater for medicine and therapy or lack of insurance and lack of transportation limits the youth to access mental health care. It is estimated that a six-year-old kid may spend anywhere from five to fourteen days in the hospital in metropolitan regions, depending on their symptoms and the circumstances at home. Most youngsters are given a prescription and a referral for aftercare if their parents have given their permission for the drug. Urban regions have the highest recidivism rates in the country because families don't follow through with the treatment team's aftercare advice. The lack of resources in metropolitan areas is the main cause behind this.

People's mental health is an essential part of their entire well-being (Demisse & Brener, 2017). Mental health disorders affect about one in five youngsters at some point in their lives (Moon, Williford, & Mendenhall, 2017). Children with a mental health condition are unable to understand information, control their emotions, and make decisions about how they behave, according to the Centers for Disease Control. As a result of these alterations, a child's overall functionality suffers (Brueck, 2016). It has been shown that five to nine percent of youngsters in the United States have emotional or behavioral disorders that prevent them from thriving in school. Ballard, Sander, and Klimes-Dougan (2014) highlighted that different types of discrimination, social isolation, harmful behaviors, aggression, criminality, school dropout, and physical sickness have been linked to mental illnesses in children and adolescents.

There are children in every school who are struggling with mental health issues and are forced to endure each school day on their own (Rossen & Cowan, 2014). A third of children and adolescents diagnosed with mental health issues sought and received assistance through "counseling, medication, therapy, or other evaluations," according to the National Institute of Mental Health (Brueck, 2016). However, research has revealed that the number is considerably lower among minorities (Gamble & Lambros, 2014). The lack of mental health care for young people is a major problem and indicates that there is an increasing demand for more accessible treatments (Brueck, 2016). For children and adolescents, schools are the ideal place to begin enhancing access to mental health specialists, since they spend the majority of their week at school (Moon et al., 2017).

Around 21% of Americans are classified as adolescents or young adults. Many young individuals with mental health issues continue about their day-to-day routines. When it comes to maturity, young individuals have to cope with aging and other milestones in addition to their mental health difficulties. Between the ages of 9 and 14, as well as 14 to 25, adolescents and young adults are more prone to have mental health problems than any other age group. Mental health is crucial at every stage of life, from birth to maturity (Bluhm et al., 2014). Mental illness is caused by a combination of emotional, psychological, and social factors. People's mental health influences their emotions, thoughts, and behavior. Mental health issues are generally recognized as a major public health issue and an urgent problem today.

It is imperative that people maintain their efforts to raise awareness and combat mental health illnesses as mental health concerns become more widespread among the younger generation. Detection, awareness of causes and consequences, and most importantly therapy may all be used to help prevent this disease. Mental health concerns are just as important as physical health in today's culture. Research can help existing mental health experts and social workers develop adequate care plans for people with mental illnesses. People with mental illnesses and those who may be at risk benefit from treating mental illness as a serious life danger. Mental well-being is just as vital as physical well-being, and it should be given the same priority as physical well-being. Increasing numbers of people are suffering from mental health issues, and this is a growing problem for future generations. Mental health should be a top focus for healthcare systems because of its growing population and the effect it has on individuals who suffer from it.

As a result of the Covid-19 pandemic, which resulted in many people losing their employment, mental health illness has become an epidemic especially for the younger generation. When it comes to seeking help, mental health institutions have become the norm. There is no one-size-fits-all approach to treating mental health issues. These institutes accommodate clinical psychologists, psychiatric nurses, psychiatrists, as well as social workers, aides, and other support staff. Mental health facilities' staffs work tirelessly to ensure that their patients get proper therapy that fits their requirements (Richardson et al., 2017). There is a problem, however, with the present treatment methods since they don't reach everyone impacted. To properly serve all people who are in need, more research must be done. There have been several efforts to treat the mentally sick throughout the history of mental health, and it seems that society is continuously striving for the optimum therapy. Despite the fact that some effective strategies are in place, that is a good start. Medication and counseling are now the "most effective" treatment options for mentally unwell people. Our focus is on the whole population, not just a few individuals.

Impact of Mental Health Disorders

There are many ways that a mental health condition affects a teenager or young adult's daily life. Young people's mental, emotional, and physical development are affected by mental health issues. A mental health problem, for example, might make it difficult for students to study to their full potential in the classroom. Research into the underlying causes of mental illness may be aided by an understanding of the devastating effects that mental illness has on those who suffer from it (Flatt, 2012). Mental disease has both causes and consequences, and being able to decipher the underlying causes is essential for early discovery and effective treatment. All adolescents and young adults, regardless of their age, confront problems related to their disease, whether they are socially or physically impaired.

Social Impact

It is common to overlook the social factors that influence mental health. Our social circumstances as human beings have the ability to influence and affect our health outcomes. Social factors play an important role in determining our mental health. The health and well-being of young people now and in the future are profoundly influenced by a myriad of factors, including but not limited to those of the family, friends, community, and culture in which they grow up (Viner et al., 2012). It is difficult for teenagers and young adults to get the assistance they need from their families, friends, and communities because of mental health issues.

Adolescents. In the age range of 9-14, children afflicted with mental health issues experience difficulties in their social surroundings. Adolescence is a critical time in a teen's life because of rapid growth. Development of adolescents is critical to their maturation into healthy adults. Adolescents not only struggle with mental illness, but they are also attempting to mature into adults. Adolescents with poor mental health face a number of challenges. After a few sessions of peer-to-peer conversation, they'll start to see some differences between themselves and their peers (Ewart, et al.,2017). The person will begin to feel alone or out of place in their typical social circles once they begin to identify the changes. Students with mental health issues will negatively impact schools. Things that are simple for most youngsters will become more difficult for the individual as their learning progresses. When a kid has a learning disability, they are segregated from their classmates and put in a special education class. As a child, a teenager will discover that they are different, and this will continue throughout their adolescence.

Youthful Adults . According to the American Psychiatric Association, about 1 in 5 individuals in the United States, which is 43.8 million or 18.5 percent, suffer mental illness in a given year. This figure is steadily growing. Young individuals between the ages of 15 and 25 are particularly vulnerable to the social consequences of mental illness. This is a crucial period in the lives of many young people. For many young people with mental illnesses, the struggle to be "normal" extends well beyond just finishing high school and getting a job.

At some point in their life, millions of young people may endure social isolation or judgment from their peers as a result of mental health issues. One of the most important aspects of adult life for young people is socialization. They may thrive on the company of their peers, but poor mental health might push them farther away from these relationships (Ewart, et al.,2017). Young folks will be perplexed as to why they are being treated differently or behaving strangely. Additionally, being "different or perceived with a problem" is a source of shame and embarrassment for many young people.

Memory loss, exhaustion, and a lack of attention are all common symptoms of mental illness. It is difficult for young individuals with mental health concerns to find or hold a job, much alone get one. Those who suffer from mental illness are less likely to perform at their best (Kawhol, 2016). Because people's mental states aren't operating at full potential, they may struggle with productivity and time management. Those with mental health concerns, such as schizophrenia, bipolar disease, or even drug misuse, face obstacles because of poor mental health. Because they are constantly exposed to the public, these illnesses might operate as a barrier to success.

It's already a sensitive topic for young people when it comes to love and relationships. Many teenagers and young adults at this time of life are eager to begin or deepen personal connections. Mental health issues may affect relationships and love. When it comes to finding a romantic partner, a young person's mental health might present issues. There are certain people who aren't going to comprehend or support a person's hardships. A terrible relationship may exacerbate the symptoms of a disease or even cause depression in some people (Griggs, 2017). While it's possible for someone with a mental illness to have a healthy relationship, it's not always possible. During stressful circumstances, a strong connection may be a great source of support.

Mental diseases have an impact on not just romantic but also familial connections as a whole. Mental illness has a significant impact on families, causing stress and worry, as well as major changes in their daily routines. Family members prefer to assume the job of day-to-day caretaker for their loved ones (Richardson et al., 2017). Families often assume the responsibility for their loved one's care without enough help or understanding on how to properly care for their own health and well-being. In contrast, family members who have got the right training and assistance are able to provide stability and support to their loved ones. Hope, relief, and care are provided by family members, and these results are excellent.

Physical Impact

Those effected with mental illness live a shorter life span by 25 years than those whose are unaffected (Simon, 2014). This is believed due to the number of contributing factors of one’s mental health and physical health. Those who are living with mental health disorders face the impact of mental illness with both physical and mental illness coinciding together. “According to a study conducted, it has been determined that 14 percent of global physical health conditions correlates with psychiatric disorders” (Seckel, Seacat & Nabors, 2016). This ideology is comparable with psychiatric disorders causing problems in an individual’s physical health. Battles with physical ailments led to mental health disorders as well as the other way around (Yung, 2016). Adolescents and young adults can find treatment for either their mental or physical illness, currently in health care there isn’t a method of treatment to proper resolve both.

Conclusion

The term "health" encompasses an individual's physical, mental, emotional, spiritual, and social well-being. Mental health is often overlooked since its symptoms aren't as clearly defined and evident as those of physical health, particularly in young people. This complicates the identification of a mentally ill individual and necessitates a greater degree of attention to be devoted to their symptoms. The study explains the epidemic of mental health problems that have arisen in our modern culture, particularly during the Covid-19 pandemic. According to the findings of the study, human services, particularly social work, must develop a framework to deal with the problem. When it comes to caring for families and employees' mental health, social workers have been employing the methods mentioned in this article for a very long time. In order to guarantee the patient's desire to participate in the assessment process, it is essential that the setting in which the assessment takes place be favorable depending on the diagnosis.

A client with a mental disease may benefit from a mental health examination if it may help determine what could constitute a successful result. Personal and interpersonal objectives may be assessed in terms of a client's capacity to fulfill them in order to improve their overall quality of life and mental health. Mental health illnesses are plaguing today's young people, according to an assessment of the research. For these two populations there are mental health treatments accessible, however they don't match their demands Mental illness can be prevented if it can be brought to light, but it can't always be prevented, and if it can't be prevented, there must be suitable and efficient treatment options. There is no hope for mental health diseases if research continues and mental health is prioritized in the healthcare system.

References

Ballard, K. L., Sander, M. A., & Klimes-Dougan, B. (2014). School-related and social-emotional outcomes of providing mental health services in schools. Community Mental Health Journal, 50(2), 145-149. doi:10.1007/s10597-013-9670-y

Bluhm, R. L., Covin, R., Chow, M., Wrath, A., & Osuch, E. A. (2014). “I Just Have to Stick with It and It’ll Work”: Experiences of Adolescents and Young Adults with Mental Health Concerns. Community Mental Health Journal50(7), 778–786. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10597-014-9695-x

Brueck, M. (2016). Promoting Access to School-Based Services for Children's Mental Health. AMA Journal of Ethics, 18(12), 1218-1224. doi:10.1001/journalofethics.2016.18.12.pfor1-161

Cama, S., Malowney, M., Smith, A. J. B., Spottswood, M., Cheng, E., Ostrowsky, L., Rengifo, J., & Boyd, J. W. (2017). Availability of Outpatient Mental Health Care by Pediatricians and Child Psychiatrists in Five U.S. Cities. International Journal of Health Services47(4), 621–635. https://doi.org/10.1177/0020731417707492

Demissie, Z., & Brener, N. (2017). Mental health and social services in schools: Variations by school characteristics—the United States, 2014. Mental Health and Prevention, 55-11. doi:10.1016/j.mhp.2016.11.002

Ewart, S. B., Happell, B., Bocking, J., Platania‐Phung, C., Stanton, R., & Scholz, B. (2017). Social and material aspects of life and their impact on the physical health of people diagnosed with mental illness. Health Expectations, 20(5), 984-991. doi:10.1111/hex.12539

Flatt, S. (2012). Re-thinking distress. Nursing Standard27(2), 24-25.

Gamble, B. E., & Lambros, K. M. (2014). Provider Perspectives on School-Based Mental Health for Urban Minority Youth: Access and Services. Journal of Urban Learning, Teaching, and Research10, 25–38. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ej1044126

Griggs, S. (2017). Hope and Mental Health in Young Adult College Students: An Integrative Review | Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services. https://journals.healio.com/doi/abs/10.3928/02793695-20170210-04

Hodgkinson, S., Godoy, L., Beers, L. S., & Lewin, A. (2017). Improving Mental Health Access for Low-Income Children and Families in the Primary Care Setting. Pediatrics139(1). https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2015-1175

Moon, J., Williford, A., & Mendenhall, A. (2017). Educators’ perceptions of youth mental health: Implications for training and the promotion of mental health services in schools. Children and Youth Services Review73, 384–391. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2017.01.006

Richardson, L. P., McCarty, C. A., Radovic, A., & Suleiman, A. B. (2017). Research in the Integration of Behavioral Health for Adolescents and Young Adults in Primary Care Settings: A Systematic Review. Journal of Adolescent Health60(3), 261–269. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2016.11.013

Rossen, E., & Cowan, K. C. (2014). Improving mental health in schools. Phi Delta Kappan, 96(4), 8, 8-13. doi:10.1177/003172171456143

Seckel, A. E., Seacat, J. D., & Nabors, N. A. (2016). Mental health stigma: Impact on mental health treatment attitudes and physical health. Journal of Health Psychology, doi:10.1177/1359105316681430

Simon, C. (2014). Physical health and mental illness. Innovait, 7(12), 716-722. doi:10.1177/1755738014556495

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Yung, A. R. (2016). Youth services: The need to integrate mental health, physical health and social care: Commentary on malla et al.: From early intervention in psychosis to youth mental health reform: A review of the evolution and transformation of mental health services for young people. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 51(3), 327-329. doi:10.1007/s00127-016-1195-6