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Locate an article or journal pertaining to midlife crisis in middle adulthood. Review and summarize the article or journal. Answer the following question.

What issues or problems illustrated during midlife crisis? Use some research and scientific data to support your answer

Middle Adulthood

A Look At Physical Changes
That Start To Occur Between

Ages 40-65

Developmental Tasks

 Losing parents/grief

 Launching children

 Adjusting to life without children

 Dealing with adult children who return

 Becoming grandparents

 Preparing for late adulthood

 Acting as caregivers

Physical Changes

 Most experience good health

 Risk of disability

 Vision

 Hearing

 Joint Pain

 Weight Gain

Impact of Lifestyle

 Risks to health

 Poor diet

 Stress

 Smoking tobacco

 Drinking alcohol

 Physical inactivity

 Chronic disease

 Preventative
Measures

 Challenging
physical and
mental activity

 Weight bearing
exercise

 Good nutrition

 Social resources

Physical Changes:
Climacteric (Menopause)

 Loss of estrogen

 Mid 40s to Mid 50s

 All complete this by 58

 Change in menstrual cycle

 Other changes

 No more reproduction

 Cultural variation

Andropause?

 Reproductive ability continues

 Lowered testosterone levels due to
stress/sexual inactivity

Climacteric and Sexual
Expression

 Climacteric affects reproduction in
females

 Physical intimacy still important

 Practicing safe sex still important

Lifestyle Changes:
Exercise

 Exercise helps keep muscles strong

 Reduces stress

 Increases energy

 Weight training promotes bone density

Food Pyramid: February
2005

The New Food Pyramid

The Ideal Diet

 Low in cholesterol (<300 mg per
day) HDL/LDL should be 4 to 1

 Low in sodium

 High in fiber

 Low in sugar/starch

 Alcohol in moderation (1-2
servings per day)

Cognitive Development

A Look At Formal and
Postformal Thought During
Midlife

Formal Operational
Thought

 Formal operational thought varies

 Not achieved in all areas

 Tied to experience

 Tied to education

Increases and Decreases

 Increases with age:

 Tacit knowledge

 Verbal memory

 Spatial skills

 Inductive reasoning

 Wisdom? It
depends

 Decreases:

 Working memory

 Speed of process

Older Adult Students

 Relevance not rote

 Accuracy over speed

 Minimize distractions

 Harder to learn when fatigued

 Learn better with slower pace

The Expert Vs the Novice

 Midlife is a time of gaining
expertise

 Experts and novices work
differently

 Experts: intuition

 Experts: less conscious

 Experts: are better at handling
unusual situations

Psychosocial Development

A Look At Psychological
Concerns and Relationships
During Midlife

Levinson’s Theory

 Does everyone have a “midlife
crisis”?

 Why do some people have them?

 What does it look like?

 How long does it last?

 Why is it more extreme than the
age 30 transition?

Erikson

 Generativity vs. Stagnation

 Feeling either productive or stuck

 Productivity can occur in work, in
an avocation, or in family life

 Encore careers?

Family Relationships

 Adult Children and tolerance

 Overload stressors

 Launching concerns

 Kinkeepering

 Caregiving

Singles

 25% households

 Marrying older; more staying
single

 Are singles happier than married
people?

 Happiness depends on reasons
why (single or spouse-free?)

Stein’s Types of Singles

 Voluntary temporary

 Voluntary permanent

 Involuntary temporary

 Involuntary permanent

INTRINSIC VS UTILITARIAN
MARRIAGES

Cuber and Haroff’s Types
of Marriages

 Conflict-habituated

 Devitalized

 Passive-congenial

 Vital

 Total

MARITAL COMMUNICATION

Gottman’s work on what harms a marriage

Four Warning Signs
(marriage killers)

 Criticism

 Contempt

 Defensiveness

 Stonewalling

Stations of Divorce

 Emotional

 Legal

 Economic

 Coparental

 Community

 Psychic

Remarriages

 Half of all marriages are a remarriage

 Courtships, quicker, sex sooner, kids faster,
redivorce quicker

 Divorce rates are higher if children involved

Productivity at Work

 Varied experiences

 Peak of career

 New skills training

 Encore Careers

 Flexibility

Personality in Midlife

 The Big Five

 Agreeableness increases

 Openness and neuroticism decreases

 Jung and maturation