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Name:

Objective:

Short Answer:

Extra Credit:

Total:

Multiple Choice

Place the letter of the answer choice (A, B, C, D) that best completes the statement or answers the question on your student answer sheet.  Each Multiple-Choice Question is worth 1.5 points each.

1. The specialty of the physician who performs an autopsy is

 

a. 

oncologist.

 

b. 

radiologist.

 

c. 

pathologist.

 

d. 

psychiatrist.

2. When did the word “suicide” come into existence in the English language?

 

a. 

1550s

 

b. 

1650s

 

c. 

1750s

 

d. 

1850s

3. Which of the following statements is
false
regarding the impact of the death of the child on a marriage?

 

a. 

Husband and wives with a good marital relationship prior to a child’s death often become closer through the tragedy that shattered their lives.

 

b. 

Wives and husbands with a poor marital relationship prior to a child’s death often become closer through the tragedy.

 

c. 

A strong marriage may collapse with the death of the child.

 

d. 

The strain of the death of a child should not be a test of the marriage if the marriage was strong prior to the child’s death.

4. How many women in America suffer the loss of a pregnancy annually?

 

a. 

1 million

 

b. 

2 million

 

c. 

3 million

 

d. 

4 million

5. Which of the following are obligations expected of those in the bereavement role?

 

a. 

Dependency status

 

b. 

Temporary status

 

c. 

Professional assistance

 

d. 

Temporary status and professional assistance

6. Which of the following statements is false regarding bereavement?

 

a. 

Bereaved persons are sanctioned by others when they do not conform to the bereavement role as prescribed by American cultural expectations.

 

b. 

People in bereavement are expected to become dependent on others and seek competent professional assistance.

 

c. 

Part of the bereavement role is the expectation that the bereaved will return to normal social responsibilities as soon as possible.

 

d. 

The time intervals between the intense experiences of grief remain constant with the passing of time.

7. Which of these statements concerning the National Funeral Directors Association is true?

 

a. 

The association was founded in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

 

b. 

The first official journal produced by the association was funded by the Stein Casket Manufacturing Company.

 

c. 

The first official journal produced by the association was titled The Director.

 

d. 

The National Funeral Directors Association was founded in 1992 in New York, New York.

8. The cemetery that stimulated the spread of other cemeteries all over the country was __________.

 

a. 

Forest Lawn Cemetery

 

b. 

Mount Auburn Cemetery

 

c. 

Sunny Hill Cemetery

 

d. 

Park Cemetery

9. How did the middle class in the late 19th century achieve “death with order”?

 

a. 

By making sure that the death of loved ones occurred in full view of the family.

 

b. 

The middle class felt that they could not achieve “death with order.”

 

c. 

By creating separate sphere ideology: men’s work away from the home, women’s work from men’s, specialists (medical, clerical, etc.).

 

d. 

By preparing funeral arrangements far in advance.

10. Which of the following is false?

 

a. 

According to Berger, death is the marginal situation par excellence.

 

b. 

According to Berger, death inherently threatens the basic assumption of order on which society rests.

 

c. 

Death is inherently fearful—all people fear death by nature.

 

d. 

Death meaning is not created by humans.

11. Rite of passage is a theoretical concept developed by which social scientist?

 

a. 

Durkheim

 

b. 

Van Gennep

 

c. 

Malinowski

 

d. 

Radcliffe-Brown

12. What group believes that death is important for joining their ancestors?

 

a. 

Navajo

 

b. 

Igbo in Nigeria

 

c. 

Hindus

 

d. 

Ulithi of Micronesia

13. What culture believes the dead remain a vital part of their lives?

 

a. 

Hopi Indians

 

b. 

Igbo in Nigeria

 

c. 

Japanese

 

d. 

The Abkhazians on the coast of the Black Sea

14. What percent of American have a living will to address end-of-life issues?

 

a. 

Less than 20 percent

 

b. 

25 to 40 percent

 

c. 

40 to 60 percent

 

d. 

More than 70 percent

15. A document which states that one does not want to be kept alive with the use of medical intervention if the quality of life is not good or hope for recovery is dismal is called _________.

 

a. 

a holographic will

 

b. 

a legal will

 

c. 

a living will

 

d. 

a durable power of attorney

16. Which of the following is true regarding attorneys for health care and living wills?

 

a. 

A durable power of attorney for health care will not be recognized in a court of law and implemented.

 

b. 

The “Living Will” is an instrument that reflects a passive euthanasia perspective.

 

c. 

If you have a living will, you should not tell your family physician or family members.

 

d. 

Probate does not involve paperwork or court appearance by your attorney.

17. Which of the following statements is
true
regarding the loss of a parent in childhood?

 

a. 

The grief period is shorter for children than for adults.

 

b. 

Initial reactions to the death of a parent are more intense.

 

c. 

Adolescents show different patterns of grief compared to younger children.

 

d. 

Children are more likely to distract themselves and use fantasy to cope.

18. ________ is where “jazz funerals/music” sometimes take place—dancing in defiance of death.

 

a. 

New York City

 

b. 

Chicago

 

c. 

New Orleans

 

d. 

San Francisco

19. Regionally, _____ has higher rates of suicide than other regions.

 

a. 

Latin America

 

b. 

Western Asia

 

c. 

Europe

 

d. 

North America

20. In Hong Kong, the most common method of suicide is

 

a. 

jumping from a high place.

 

b. 

firearms.

 

c. 

a drug overdose.

 

d. 

burning up.

21. The suicide rate of Native Americans is

 

a. 

greater than the national average.

 

b. 

less than the national average.

 

c. 

about the same as the national average.

 

d. 

not determined.

22. Which of these statements regarding funeral licensing in the United States is true?

 

a. 

All states license embalmers.

 

b. 

All states license funeral directors.

 

c. 

All states license funeral homes.

 

d. 

Twenty percent of all licensed funeral directors are women.

23. To sit for the national board licensing exam in most states, a person is required to have which of the following?

 

a. 

A bachelor’s degree in mortuary science

 

b. 

A master’s degree in mortuary science

 

c. 

A high school diploma, an associate degree in funeral service education, and an internship

 

d. 

A high school diploma

24. Which of the following is
not
a way to help someone mourning a loved one’s death?

 

a. 

Plant something living as a memorial

 

b. 

Have them keep a journal

 

c. 

Don’t laugh when around them

 

d. 

Visit the grave

25. In which of these religious traditions is death viewed as the entrance to eternal life and therefore is preferable to physical life?

 

a. 

Jewish

 

b. 

Islamic

 

c. 

Hindu

 

d. 

Christianity

26. Which is not part of Durkheim’s four essential ingredients of religion?

 

a. 

Religious beliefs

 

b. 

Religious consequences

 

c. 

Religious rituals

 

d. 

A religious community

27. Which of the following is not an alternative to the traditional funeral?

 

a. 

Immediate disposition of the body of the deceased

 

b. 

Body given to medical institution for anatomical study and research

 

c. 

Earth burial

 

d. 

Cremation

28. Which of these statements regarding cremation practices in the United States is false?

 

a. 

Cremation is less expensive than earth burial because one saves the expense of a cemetery lot and the funeral service.

 

b. 

Approximately one-half of funerals in the United States involve cremation.

 

c. 

When a body is cremated, the remains do not look like ashes that can be found in a fireplace.

 

d. 

Cremation involves burning the body, removing the bone-fragment remains, grinding them into pulverized fragments, placing them in an urn or some other receptacle, burying or scattering them in a suitable place, or placing them in various ways.

29. When approaching a newly bereaved person, many people are unsure of how to react. What does Parkes suggest is the last thing that the bereaved person wants?

 

a. 

Expression of sympathy

 

b. 

Conventional verbal expressions

 

c. 

Visits by others

 

d. 

Pity

30. Which of the following is
a component of a letter of condolence?

 

a. 

Avoid discussing humorous incidents

 

b. 

Recount a memory about the deceased

 

c. 

Express your sympathy

 

d. 

Acknowledge the loss

31. Which of the following is the most popular means of disposition in the United States?

 

a. 

Entombment

 

b. 

Cremation

 

c. 

Earth burial

 

d. 

Burial at sea

32. A framework upon which the corpse or casket is placed for viewing/or carrying is a __________.

 

a. 

pyre

 

b. 

bier

 

c. 

cadaver

 

d. 

pall holder

33. A mother’s death is most likely to occur when her adult children are between the ages of

 

a. 

25–35.

 

b. 

35–54.

 

c. 

54–64.

 

d. 

64–74.

34. A father’s death is most likely to occur when his adult children are between the ages of

 

a. 

25–35.

 

b. 

35–54.

 

c. 

54–64.

 

d. 

64–74.

35. Advice given in the text regarding life insurance policies was to

 

a. 

buy from the first salesperson who comes to your door.

 

b. 

shop around and compare the benefits of the different programs.

 

c. 

become well informed through consumer magazines or talking to knowledgeable consumers before buying a policy.

 

d. 

shop around and compare the benefits of the different programs and become well informed through consumer magazines or talking to knowledgeable consumers before buying a policy.

36. Emile Durkeim said we have moved from a society based on ____________ to one based on ______________.

 

a. 

organic solidarity; mechanical solidarity

 

b. 

mechanical solidarity; organic solidarity

 

c. 

agrarian society; capitalistic

 

d. 

capitalistic; agrarian society

37. What percent of homicide-suicides are by individuals aged 65 years and older?

 

a. 

1 percent

 

b. 

8 percent

 

c. 

13 percent

 

d. 

27 percent

38. Many disaster survivors will suffer from long-term mental health problems, such as _________________________________________.

 

a. 

eating disorders

 

b. 

schizophrenia

 

c. 

attention deficit disorder

 

d. 

posttraumatic stress disorder

39. Accidents occur in disproportionately higher rates among individuals ages ______________.

 

a. 

1–24

 

b. 

25–50

 

c. 

51–70

 

d. 

over 70

40. In Islam tradition, a widow goes into seclusion for ___________ before she is allowed to remarry.

 

a. 

10 days

 

b. 

4 months

 

c. 

4 months and 10 days

 

d. 

4 days.

41. Which religious tradition attempts to bury their dead within 24 hours of the death?

 

a. 

Jewish

 

b. 

Islamic

 

c. 

Hindu

 

d. 

Jewish and Islamic

42. What is the “sandwich generation”?

 

a. 

Taking care of one or two young or adult children

 

b. 

Taking care of one or two parents

 

c. 

Taking care of their young children and grandparents

 

d. 

Taking care of their young-adult offspring and parents

43. If one dies intestate and without heirs, one’s property goes to the state

What is the legal term for this?

 

a. 

Intestate

 

b. 

Decedent

 

c. 

Escheat

 

d. 

Codicil

44. To die without a will is called __________.

 

a. 

intestate

 

b. 

decedent

 

c. 

escheat

 

d. 

codicil

45. Generally, an individual is free to leave his or her property to _____________.

 

a. 

spouse

 

b. 

children

 

c. 

church

 

d. 

whomever or whatever he or she desires

46. Which of these statements regarding the itemization of funeral costs is true?

 

a. 

In 1984, the Federal Trade Commission mandated that all U.S. funeral homes itemize their fees.

 

b. 

With itemization of funeral costs, it is possible to make accurate comparisons of price and quality over the phone

 

c. 

The FTC rule regarding itemization of funeral expenses uniformly resulted in decreasing funeral expenses to families in the United States.

 

d. 

In 2019, the U.S. national median cost of a funeral with viewing and burial was $7,000.

47. A new trend in funeral service is to provide extensive aftercare services and products for widows and widowers. Which of the following is not one of the services provided?

 

a. 

Bereavement support groups

 

b. 

Video tributes

 

c. 

Tree-planting ceremonies

 

d. 

Meal delivery options

48. Vernon pointed out that individuals whose interpretations are primarily temporal share which of the following belief?

 

a. 

They tend to accept a belief in the afterlife

 

b. 

They focus on their own needs

 

c. 

They tend to be future oriented for themselves

 

d. 

They tend to believe that death is the end of the individual

49. An existentialist perspective on death

 

a. 

recognizes a dead person’s accession to heaven.

 

b. 

suggests a person is near death but survives the experience.

 

c. 

is that one creates meaning for one’s own life and death.

 

d. 

uses religion to provide solace.

50. Which social scientist wrote extensively about alienation?

 

a. 

Robert Merton

 

b. 

Carl Sandburg

 

c. 

Gunnar Myrdal

 

d. 

Karl Marx

51. When an individual is inadequately integrated into the society, this type of suicide is known as __________.

 

a. 

egoistic

 

b. 

altruistic

 

c. 

anomic

 

d. 

fatalistic

52. Japanese kamikaze pilots of World War II are an example of ______ suicide.

 

a. 

egoistic

 

b. 

rational

 

c. 

altruistic

 

d. 

anomic

53. Which does not pertain to symbolic immortality?

 

a. 

Carrying on the family name

 

b. 

Having accomplishments remembered by others

 

c. 

Donating body organs

 

d. 

Being remembered by others.

54. Which is the most likely candidate for completed suicide?

 

a. 

Elderly woman

 

b. 

Elderly man

 

c. 

Middle-aged woman with an alcohol problem

 

d. 

Elderly man with an alcohol problem

55. Which of the following was not employed by cemetery superintendents to eliminate the suggestion of death in the cemetery?

 

a. 

Banning lot enclosures

 

b. 

Encouraging above-ground monuments

 

c. 

Banning grave mounds

 

d. 

Encouraging shorter inscriptions on monuments

56. Which of the following statements is true regarding the changing American cemetery?

 

a. 

For the Puritan, it was important to remember death.

 

b. 

The earliest burials by pioneers were in unorganized, isolated places.

 

c. 

For low socioeconomic families, death with order was important.

 

d. 

Mount Auburn Cemetery emphasized aesthetic efficiency and the absence of death.

57. According to Moody reports of near-death experience, an experience reported by those who are near death includes which of these?

 

a. 

Going down a slide to your favorite theme park

 

b. 

Meeting your favorite actor

 

c. 

Floating above one’s body

 

d. 

Believing one is God

58. Suicide in which the individual is not insane and is aware of what he or she is doing is called __________.

 

a. 

altruistic

 

b. 

anomic

 

c. 

rational

 

d. 

dramaturgical

59. The one universal theme about roadside memorials in the United States is

 

a. 

they are usually painted black.

 

b. 

they tend to be secular.

 

c. 

they are usually found only in cities.

 

d. 

they are predominately religious in nature.

60. The intentional and sometimes unintentional accidental killing of another person is the definition of

 

a. 

genocide.

 

b. 

insecticide.

 

c. 

homicide.

 

d. 

geronticide.

Essay

Short Answer:  Choose only 2 questions to answer.  Put the numbers of the questions you are answering on your student answer sheet and write a brief answer for each question.  You must highlight the main points.  Each question is worth 5 points.

61. Discuss the purposes of an autopsy. Why has there been a decline in autopsies in the United States in recent years?

62. What is the idea behind the Five Wishes document? Please explain each of the five wishes per your textbook.

63. Discuss why there is a need for creating advanced directives. What are the purposes of durable power of attorney for health care and living wills? How are each of these different?

64. What are some colleges currently doing to help prevent campus suicides?

65. Describe signs of suicide. What steps should be taken if you observe some of these signs in a friend?

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Page 1

Name: Date:

Final Exam

Psy 3735.E1 Perspectives of Death and Dying

Fall 2021

Objective: Short Answer: Extra Credit: Total:

Multiple Choice


Place the letter of the answer choice (A, B, C, D) that best completes the statement or answers the question on your student answer sheet.  Each Multiple-Choice Question is worth 1.5 points each.

1.

31.

2.

32.

3.

33.

4.

34.

5.

35.

6.

36.

7.

37.

8.

38.

9.

39.

10.

40.

11.

41.

12.

42.

13.

43.

14.

44.

15.

45.

16.

46.

17.

47.

18.

48.

19.

49.

20.

50.

21.

51.

22.

52.

23.

53.

24.

54.

25.

55.

26.

56.

27.

57.

28.

58.

29.

59.

30.

60.

Essay – Type your answer to only two of the short answers. Make sure to type in the number of each question you are answering in the boxes. 5 points each question.