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Pick a key passage from one of your Final Project sources. The passage should be relevant to your topic and thesis statement, something that you will be likely to use as evidence when you write your final paper. The passage you choose should also be at least 5 sentences long. Next, copy/paste this passage into the Template, place it inside quotation marks

Then, below your quoted passage, paraphrase the material in your own words and then include an in-text citation of the source at the end of your paragraph. Your paraphrase should be at least 2-3 sentences.  

Next, you will create a reference list for your Final Project using your 4 sources. Each source must be in proper APA format (pay close attention to the details like italics, commas, periods, and capitalization). In addition, make sure to properly format the reference list itself (pay close attention to your spacing, indentation, and alphabetization). No detail is too small for this exercise! Note: even when not required per APA, all sources should also include a URL or DOI listed at the end of your citation. 

NOTE: below are things to review prior to completing assignment. Template 4 is what is required for completion.


Try It Out

APA In-Text Citations

[Delete the examples in Red and fill in your own work.]

Student Name

IND101 Milestone 4 Template

1. Paraphrasing activity:

Quote from source: “The transition to electrification of vehicles will probably be gradual, for three primary reasons: consumer caution when it comes to large purchases, the high initial cost of manufacturing electric vehicles, and pushback from vested interests. There will be special circumstances, such as in Norway, where rapid transitions are possible. But in places such as the United States, where the automotive market is large and diverse, and many players are involved—including the thousands of cities and states that impose rules and offer incentives—the pace will be slower. Cost reductions will take time. Gasoline cars have benefited from a century of intensive development, while electric cars have been the focus of major manufacturers on a commercial scale only since about 2010.”

Paraphrase: The shift from traditional vehicles to EVs (electric vehicles) was rapid in Norway, but the same pace is not expected in the United States, which has a much higher population, state and local laws to contend with, and a large and diverse auto industry. In addition, consumers are often hesitant about large purchases. This hesitance, along with the high costs for EV production, and pressure from oppositional groups, will slow the transition. While the cost of EV production will eventually decrease, this will take time; in comparison to gas-powered cars’ long history, EVs have only been widely available since 2010. (Sperling, 2018)

2. List of references:

Li, C., Cao, Y., Zhang, M., Wang, J., Liu, J., Shi, H., & Geng, Y. (2015). Hidden benefits of electric vehicles for addressing climate change. Scientific Reports, 5, 9213. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep09213

National Research Council (U.S.). (2015). Overcoming barriers to deployment of plug-in electric vehicles. Washington, DC: National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/21725

Noori, M., & Tatari, O. (2016). Development of an agent-based model for regional market penetration projections of electric vehicles in the United States. Energy, 96, 215–230. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2015.12.018

Sperling, D. (2018). Electric vehicles: Approaching the tipping point. Bulletin of the Atomic

Scientists, 74(1), 11–18. https://doi.org/10.1080/00963402.2017.1413055

Ronald McClarin

IND101 Milestone 3 Template

1. Thesis statement:  

Countries across the globe should establish campaigns to address the misinformation about the COVID-19 vaccine.

2. In-depth evaluation of one source:

Source (not required to be in APA format, but must include author, date, title, and a link): Kreps, S., Dasgupta, N., Brownstein, J. S., Hswen, Y., & Kriner, D. L. (2021). Public attitudes toward COVID-19 vaccination: The role of vaccine attributes, incentives, and misinformation. npj Vaccines6(1), 1-7. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41541-021-00335-2

Relevance: The source is relevant because it advises people to accept and be willing to visit healthcare facilities for the COVID-19 vaccine. In all parts of the world, COVID-19 is the main blocking factor in economics, politics and social progress.

Authority: The authors of the articles and professionals in research and development; The article is written by several authors who enhanced efficiency and accuracy due to collaboration.

Currency: the article was established in 2021, meaning it is currently addressing the most critical health care issue in the world.

Objectivity: the primary goal of the article is to create awareness of the COVID-19 vaccine to eradicate the virus.

Verification: The article was verified by the group of experts before it was stored in the Google Scholar database.

3. One source to omit and why:  

Semuels, Alana (2020). Does Remote Work Actually Work?


After reviewing all of my sources, I eliminated the fifth source since it is not peer-reviewed and verified by experts. The source is not based either on the qualitative or quantitative research method.

4. Reflection:  

When deciding on what my thesis statement should be, I found it to be more difficult than I originally thought it would be. I changed it at least twice trying not to make it to lengthy but a brief and shorter version of what I wanted to state. While all my sources relate to COVID, I wanted to make sure I could relate it to my topic as well. I think my challenge moving forward will be tying the information together as they relate to the topic and not hop around too much.