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 Read the four detective reports and the combined affidavit and warrant for the M57 Patents case. Write a one- to two-page paper describing the evidence the police found and explaining whether they had enough information for the search warrant. Did the information justify taking all the computers and USB drives? Why or why not?  

SIMULATED  DETECTIVE  REPORT  –  EDUCATIONAL  USE  ONLY  

City  of  Monterey,  CA  Police  Department   Detective  Investigation  Status  Report     Date   10  December  2009   Time   5:00  PM   Affiant   Detective  Joe  Friday   Case  Number   MT-­‐2009-­‐12-­‐015   Report  Number   004     Summary   Warrant  granted  for  USB  thumb  drive  owned  by  Jo.       Cause  for  Action   Forensic  technologists  were  able  to  determine  from  the  computer  that  a  USB  thumb   drive  possibly  owned  by  Jo  was  used  to  connect  to  the  computer,  and  possibly  used   to  transfer  kitty  exploitation  material.       Action  Taken   With  the  assumption  that  the  USB  thumb  drive  is  owned  by  Jo,  we  have  requested   and  been  granted  a  warrant  to  seize  the  USB  drive.  The  warrant  was  based  upon   data  found  on  the  computer  MT-­‐2009-­‐12-­‐015-­‐EV001.  The  warrant  has  been  logged   as  MT-­‐2009-­‐12-­‐015-­‐W001.     Outcome   If  we  are  granted  permission  to  search  computers  at  M57  Patents,  we  will  execute   the  warrant  and  seize  the  thumb  drive  (if  it  is  in  Jo’s  possession)  at  that  time.  If  not,   we  will  make  a  decision  about  when  to  execute  the  warrant.    

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SIMULATED  DETECTIVE  REPORT  –  EDUCATIONAL  USE  ONLY  

City  of  Monterey,  CA  Police  Department   Detective  Investigation  Status  Report     Date   10  December  2009   Time   4:30  PM   Affiant   Detective  Joe  Friday   Case  Number   MT-­‐2009-­‐12-­‐015   Report  Number   003     Summary   Contact  with  Pat  McGoo;  authorized  voluntary  search.     Cause  for  Action   After  evidence  of  kitty  exploitation  was  found  on  the  computer  referenced  in  prior   reports,  CoD  determined  that  the  best  course  of  action  would  be  to  meet  with   McGoo  and  pursue  a  voluntary  search  of  as  much  information  as  possible.  The   decision  was  made  to  pursue  a  warrant  only  if  required.     Action  Taken   Detectives  Friday  and  Gannon  met  with  McGoo  at  M57  Patents.  We  were  able  to   speak  to  him  privately.  McGoo  indicated  that  the  computer  was  probably  stolen,   having  been  told  it  was  non-­‐functional.  McGoo  confirmed  that  Jo  was  an  employee.   McGoo  was  cooperative,  but  wanted  to  speak  with  a  lawyer  before  authorizing   search.       Outcome   McGoo  has  contacted  a  lawyer,  and  seems  to  intend  to  authorize  a  search.  McGoo   has  promised  not  to  tell  employees,  and  will  contact  us  with  a  decision  tomorrow   morning.    

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SIMULATED  DETECTIVE  REPORT  –  EDUCATIONAL  USE  ONLY  

City  of  Monterey,  CA  Police  Department   Detective  Investigation  Status  Report     Date   10  December  2009   Time   09:30  AM   Affiant   Detective  Joe  Friday   Case  Number   MT-­‐2009-­‐12-­‐015   Report  Number   002     Summary   Kitty  exploitation  found  on  computer,  investigation  proceeding.     Cause  for  Action   Forensic  tech  identified  several  known  kitty  exploitation  videos  and  images  on  the   recovered  computer  (MT-­‐2009-­‐12-­‐015-­‐EV001),  and  a  possible  owner.  Based  on  the   data  recovered  from  the  computer,  we  believe  that  the  original  owner  of  the   computer  was  a  local  company,  called  M57  Patents.  The  user  of  the  computer  was   named  Jo  (no  last  name  available).     Action  Taken   Further  investigation  is  necessary  to  determine  if  Jo  was  the  owner  of  the  files,  and   to  determine  if  any  further  incriminating  evidence  is  available.  From  business   records,  we  have  determined  that  the  owner  of  the  company  is  Pat  McGoo.  We  are   considering  contacting  McGoo,  rather  than  pursuing  a  warrant.     Outcome   Discussion  with  Chief  of  Detectives  about  contacting  McGoo  and  pursuing  a   voluntary  search.    

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SIMULATED  DETECTIVE  REPORT  –  EDUCATIONAL  USE  ONLY  

City  of  Monterey,  CA  Police  Department   Detective  Investigation  Status  Report     Date   09  December  2009   Time   11:30  AM   Affiant   Detective  Joe  Friday   Case  Number   MT-­‐2009-­‐12-­‐015   Report  Number   001     Summary   Possible  cat  exploitation  possession  investigation.         Cause  for  Action   Received  a  call  from:   Aaron  Greene   123  Cloudy  Hill  Drive   Monterey,  CA  93940     Aaron  Greene  had  purchased  a  used  computer  from  a  seller  on  Craig’s  List,  a  web   site.  When  Aaron  Greene  started  this  computer,  she  found  that  the  previous  owner   had  not  erased  the  hard  disk  computer  drive.  She  claims  to  have  found  kitty   exploitation  movies  and  pictures  on  the  computer.     Action  Taken   Officers  were  sent  to  Aaron  Greene’s  house  to  take  possession  of  the  computer,   which  Greene  voluntarily  released.       Greene  also  gave  the  name  of  the  seller:   Terry  Johnson   Email:     No  other  information  was  available.     Outcome   Computer  has  been  recovered,  logged  as  evidence  (MT-­‐2009-­‐12-­‐015-­‐EV001)  and   sent  to  forensics  lab.    

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MT-2009-12-015-W001 – SIMULATED WARRANT

SEARCH WARRANT PAGE 1

State of California – County of Monterey Search Warrant and Affidavit

(Affidavit) Detective Joe Friday, swears under oath and declares under the penalty of perjury that the facts expressed in this Search Warrant, Affidavit, and the attached and incorporated statement of probable cause to believe and does believe that the property described below is seizable pursuant to Penal Code Section 1524, as indicated below, and is now located at the locations below. Wherefore, affiant requests that this Search Warrant be issued. Night Search Requested:  Yes  No Justification on page(s):___ Affiant's Signature: ___________________ Reviewed By: ______________________ (After Being Sworn) (Deputy Attorney General)

(Search Warrant) THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA TO ANY SHERIFF, POLICEMAN OR PEACE OFFICER IN THE COUNTY OF MONTEREY: proof by affidavit having been made before me by ____________________ that probable cause to believe that the property described herein and that it is lawfully seizable pursuant to Penal Code Section 1524, as indicate below:  was stolen or embezzled  was used as the means of committing a felony  is possessed by a person with the intent to use it as a means of committing a public offense or is possessed by another to whom he or she may have delivered it for the purpose of concealing it or preventing its discovery  tends to show that a felony has been committed or that a particular person has committed a felony  tends to show that exploitation of a cat has occurred or is occurring YOU ARE THEREFORE COMMANDED TO SEARCH THE PREMISES OF: LOCATION Company: m57 Patents 123 Old Fisherman's Drive Monterey, CA 93940

MT-2009-12-015-W001 – SIMULATED WARRANT

SEARCH WARRANT PAGE 2

FOR THE FOLLLOWING PROPERTY:

1. The subscriber information, usernames and account information for any and all computers assigned to Jo Smith from November 13, 2009 to December 12, 2009.

2. A RAM image for any and all computers assigned to Jo Smith from November 13, 2009 to December 12, 2009.

3. A hard disk drive image for all computers assigned to Jo Smith from November 13, 2009 to December 12, 2009.

4. All USB thumb drives in Jo Smith's possession, regardless of ownership. FURTHER ORDERS It is further ordered that the records obtained pursuant to this warrant (with the exclusion of prohibited/illegal material) may be shared with M57 Patents and the civil division of the Office of the Attorney General for purposes of any civil action related to the unauthorized use of corporate equipment, intellectual property, or work product. The court orders that any items seized during the lawful service of this search warrant be disposed in accordance with the law, by the Monterey County Prosecutor, upon adjudication of the case. The officers serving the warrant are not authorized to return seized items to any known victim(s), as the items may contain illegal/prohibited material. Further application for such returns shall be issued by this court on evidence that the items contain no illegal/prohibited material, or that any such material has been destroyed, and also that the item itself serves no further material purpose in the investigation of illegal criminal or civil activity. If necessary, searching officers are authorized to employ the use of outside experts, acting under the direct control of the investigating officers, to access and preserve any computer data. AND TO SEIZE IT IF FOUND and bring forthwith before me, or this court, at he courthouse of this court. The Search Warrant and incorporated Affidavit was sworn as true and subscribed before me the ____ day of __________, 2009, at _________ A.M/P.M. Wherefore, I find probable cause for the issuance of this Search Warrant and do issue it. ________________________________ Night search approved: YES  NO (Signature of Magistrate) (Magistrate's initials) Executed By: _______________ Date: ____________ Time: _______________

MT-2009-12-015-W001 – SIMULATED WARRANT

SEARCH WARRANT PAGE 3

Affidavit in Support of Search Warrant County of MONTEREY

I, Joe Friday, your affiant, have been a full time peace officer for over eleven years. I am currently employed as a Detective in the City of Monterey Police Department. I have written and served several search warrants for digital evidence and am familiar with the type of data routinely stored by Internet Service Providers, Electronic Communications Service Providers, financial institutions and other businesses that maintain electronic records. On 09 December 2009, Aaron Greene contacted the City of Monterey Police Department by telephone regarding a computer he had purchased online. Greene (hereafter referred to as “the purchaser”) found the computer on Craigslist, and subsequently purchased it from Terry Johnson via a PayPal transaction. Terry Johnson delivered the computer to the purchaser’s home. The purchaser discovered that the computer’s hard drive had not been erased prior to the sale. After starting the computer, the purchaser found illegal pornographic images and videos stored on the hard drive, and contacted the City of Monterey Police Department. The purchaser agreed to surrender the computer to the City of Monterey Police Department. Two Police Officers were dispatched to the purchaser’s home, at [ADDRESS REDACTED], where the hardware was acquired and transported to a forensics laboratory. Your affiant knows from training and experience that operating systems commonly used on business computer workstations log a variety of information and secondary data related to the dates and times at which particular files are copied, moved, and accessed. Additional information regarding the use of secondary storage devices (removable media or USB “thumb drives”) is also logged. Email, digital images, and external contacts associated with accounts on this computer will help identify the user associated with the illegal materials found on this machine. Additionally, the court should be aware that the CEO of “m57.biz” (Terry Johnson’s employer) has voluntarily agreed to release all electronic assets from the company in support of this investigation, including forensic copies of hard disks associated with all computers used by employees, live memory (RAM) images from machines running in the office, and copies of any other removable media located on-premises. I believe based on the aforementioned circumstances that the following felony crimes have been committed: 311.3(a) – [Exploitation of a non-consenting entity]. I pray a search warrant be issued for the following location:

MT-2009-12-015-W001 – SIMULATED WARRANT

SEARCH WARRANT PAGE 4

Company: m57 Patents

123 Old Fisherman's Drive Monterey, CA 93940 For the following property:

1. The subscriber information, usernames and account information for any and all computers assigned to Jo Smith from November 13, 2009 to December 12, 2009.

2. A RAM image for any and all computers assigned to Jo Smith from November 13, 2009 to December 12, 2009.

3. A hard disk drive image for all computers assigned to Jo Smith from November 13, 2009 to December 12, 2009.

4. All USB thumb drives in Jo Smith's possession, regardless of ownership.