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This is based on the information you have provided. Please see attached.

Option 4: Your local health department has been charged with developing an emergency preparedness plan for natural disasters and pandemic communicable disease prevention. You have been asked to consult on this plan.

Submit to the dropbox an outline of your final paper. Structure this with a cover page, abstract, introduction, discussion, findings and conclusion. Include in this outline your reference page for the outside resources used in developing this outline.

Running Head: DISASTER PLANS 1


Disaster plans


Institutional affiliation

My choice for this topic has been necessitated by the fact that disasters affect many people globally and this has been a serious problem in the world. With the knowledge on how to handle such problems, I have concluded that it is important to choose the option in order to bring out changes and solutions. This is because it is unpleasant incident that occurs in different parts of the world. Disasters are of two types; natural and man made. Fires and earthquakes are examples of natural disasters while conflicts and industrial accidents are examples of man made disasters (Kahn, 2012).

It is very simple to obtain the set goals and objectives in achieving my health science degree. First and foremost, man made disasters need to be controlled by educating people on their causes, effects and how they can be avoided. For example, most accidents are caused by carelessness of people in handling the machines or the instruments they are using. By ensuring machine operators are highly qualified, it will minimize the rate of accidents which occurs from their use. In addition, every institution which is operated with machine should have safety materials like fire extinguishers. This will ensure safety of the staff involved and other people exposed to immediate effects of the disaster (Kramer, 2009).

There are several key issues which need to be considered when pursuing this project. First, one should be fully qualified to pass out these measures for them to be understood well. If they are wrongly passed, it will be unfair and it may or may not bring any change in their life after a disaster occurs. In addition, one should ensure to teach people how to use machines such as fire extinguishers. I would perform this concern practically to ensure everybody gets the concept well. With all the above information, people will be prepared for any kind of disaster that may occur (Kahn, 2012).


Kahn, M. (2012). Disaster response and planning for libraries. Chicago: American Library Association.

Kramer, W. M. (2009). Disaster planning and control. Tulsa, Okla: PennWell/Fire Engineering.



Disaster Response Plan Methodology

This paper is aimed at coming up with a methodology for implementing a disaster response plan. A disaster response plan is about reacting to a disaster scenario after its occurrence.

Step one

The first step is to define the key threats, assets and scenarios. The value of what is to be protected is first established so as to know how it should be protected incase a disaster strikes. Evaluation of key threats to the assets is also done at this stage. Scenarios are also defined at this stage based on the different threats at each location. Collection of such data at this stage can be done by calling a meeting of the board members and brainstorm on all the key threats, assets and scenarios (Kramer, 2009).

Step two

After defining the assets, the planning team then evaluates extend of the impacts of the threats to the assets. The team then looks at how long the affected people can go without such assets. This is called the recovery window for each asset (Bradley, 2011).

Step three

The third step is to define the recovery solutions. This stage is build upon the first two steps of the process. Here the appropriate approach and solutions are defined based on the assets and the threats (Kahn, 2012). Data on the different solutions can be collected from the public through questionnaires.

Step four

After defining the recovery solution, the planning team comes up with a disaster recovery plan based on the preliminaries. This plan is defined by the assets and how they should be protected. The process of assessing and mitigating the damage is also considered at this stage. Logistical considerations are also made at this step. The important element in the whole plan is to establish an emergency operation centre. Here the basic rule of safety of employees and personnel is considered and this should be the consistent element of the planning process (Kramer, 2009).

Step five

At this stage, a communications plan is established and roles assigned. This is the most important subset of the whole project. Some key aspects at this stage are: determination of the person responsible for declaring a disaster, the communication chain and plan for the employees and the affected, the communicator to the stakeholders such as the government and the team members (Bradley, 2011). All this requires a sufficient level of thought. The data required at this stage such as; the level of training of the employees and alternative channels of communication can be collected by means of interviews (Bradley, 2011).

Step six

On assumption that the above five steps have been established, the team goes to the next step of implementing the system or the capabilities of delivering the plan. This involves defining the types of disaster recovery and response sites to address situations where data center is unavailable (Kahn, 2012). The three types of sites are analyzed at this stage. These types of site include; warm site, cold site and then hot site.

Step seven

This stage involves defining of the suitable methods of accessing the site. In many cases, the team needs to establish ways of transporting their workers to the site. It also considers the various means of evacuating the affected from the site (Kramer, 2009).

Step eight

This is a very critical step as it involves the documentation of the plan. In this step it is very important to develop a more detailed plan for each site system. This are referred to as the system recovery plans which are components of the plan. Here the planning team needs to be very specific and detailed (Bradley, 2011).

Step nine

Here the plan is tested for the response team to familiarize with what to do incase of a disaster. Through testing, the errors, gaps, and inconsistencies are identified. It is becomes better to identify problem areas at the testing level than in a real scenario (Kramer, 2009).

Step ten

This is the final stage of the methodology. The plan is refined and retested at this stage. This final test put the response team in a position to effectively execute the plan incase of disaster (Kahn, 2012).


Bradley, A. T. (2011). Disaster preparedness handbook: A guide for families. New York:

Kahn, M. (2012). Disaster response and planning for libraries. Chicago: American Library Association.

Kramer, W. M. (2009). Disaster planning and control. Tulsa, Okla: PennWell/Fire Engineering.



Annotated Bibliography

In Veenema, T. G. (2013). Disaster nursing and emergency preparedness for chemical, biological, and radiological terrorism and other hazards.

This is a book that outlines the essentials of disaster nursing and emergency preparedness for any form of hazard. This book is suitable and useful in the topic of my final project because of various reasons. One of the reasons is that, it gives a clear layout of the essentials for disaster planning. It also outlines the framework for leadership and coordination in disaster planning. The book also describes on how to understand and manage psychological effects of a disaster or any hazard. The book gives an outline on how to restore, public health under such circumstances. Information technology in disaster management is also discussed in this book as well as the role of public health nurses in disaster response. All this information is of great importance if well interpreted in my department.

Fuller, J. R., & Armistead, J. (2013). Surgical technology: Principles and practice. St. Louis, Mo: Elsevier Saunders.

In every plan, principle and practice ethics are very important. This book outlines the importance of communication and teamwork which is very important for the preparation of my final project. It outlines the basic of a disaster response and preparedness, diagnostic and assessment procedures for any pandemic disease as well as the laws, documentations and ethics of practice to be observed in the preparation of a disaster response plan. The techniques outlined in this reference are very important in responding to pandemic diseases. These techniques include; surgeries and technologies that can be used as well as the emergency trauma counseling. It also gives an aid on how to monitor psychological effects and anesthesia after a disaster or a pandemic disease.

Hunt, R. (2009). Introduction to community-based nursing. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Hunt presents a foundation for concepts which are very vital in delivering nursing care incase of a pandemic disease. The edition also outlines information on disaster management and communicable diseases as well as updated and expanded Medicare guidelines. He introduces users to community based nursing by giving an overview of it and outlining the health promotion and disease prevention which is very vital for preparing a response and prevention plan for pandemic diseases. The reference explains about assessment and continuity of care in response and prevention of a pandemic disease. It outlines about specialized home care nursing which is a very important way of preventing pandemic diseases. All the information provided in this edition is of very great importance in the preparation of my final project about emergency preparedness plan for natural disasters and pandemic communicable disease prevention.

Wilkinson, F. C., Lewis, L. K., & Dennis, N. K. (2010). Comprehensive guide to emergency preparedness and disaster recovery. Chicago: Association of College and Research Libraries.

Wilkinson, Lewis, and Dennis provides a comprehensive guide to emergency and disaster recovery which will provide a lot of information of great benefit in the preparation of my final project for the course. The reference suits my project the best because it provide vital outline of disaster prevention and preparedness planning. It goes a step further to explaining the procedures of coming up with disaster preparedness, recovery and response plan. The book gives the guidelines for training staff and the community about disaster response and preparedness as well as how to respond when a disaster or a pandemic disease strikes.

Bradley, A. T. (2011). Disaster preparedness handbook: A guide for families. New York: Skyhorse Pub.

This reference is very important in guiding on how to prepare a disaster plan in a family setting covering the entire basic human needs incase a disaster or pandemic diseases strikes. It is very helpful in establishing a practical disaster planning for my department. It incorporates guidelines on what to be done for the pets, disabled, aged, pregnant and other special needs in case unexpected event happens. The handbook provides step by step analysis on how to prepare for a disaster such as infectious diseases and natural disasters. I chose this book because, it researches about the topic intensively with citations and references from about three hundred sources.

Kramer, W. M. (2009). Disaster planning and control. Tulsa, Okla: PennWell/Fire Engineering.

In this book, Kramer looks at the complexities of disaster control and planning. This book suits my project because it covers all the ideas of disaster management, emergency operations plans and disaster control. The books gives examples and case studies which are aimed at helping the workers be conversant with procedure of managing and controlling disasters by learning from the history and understanding the ideas well so as to make a difference in the general result of future disasters. The book gives an outline on how to anticipate and prepare for a disaster, management of such disasters, frequent and the growing threats associated with such disasters, and recovery of such disasters.


This website provides information which is very important in coming up with a disaster response plan. It very helpful in my project as it will assist in getting information on disaster planning and recovery as well as where to get certain services from. The disaster plans for cultural institutions outlined in this book can be related to my department and come up with similar but more complex plan to suit our objective as a department. The information and recovery techniques outlined in this website are of notable assistance in writing an emergency preparedness plan for natural disasters and pandemic communicable disease prevention. The resources and examples provided in this website will guide me when coming up with a recovery and response plan for my department.

Khan, A., (2011). Preparing for a zombie apocalypse? The CDC weighs in. Los Angeles Times, 12, 10-12. Retrieved from: http://articles.latimes.com/2011/may/19/news/la-heb-cdc-zombie-apocalypse-20110519

This peer reviewed article is very helpful in my topic of research as it gives steps on how to come up with an emergency preparedness plan. The steps and resources provided in this peer reviewed article can be replicated in my department so as to come with a better disaster recovery and response plan. The article discusses about an emergency kit including water, medication, and clothing to be provided in case of an unexpected disaster or pandemic disease. It also outlines measures to avoid bites from the zombie. These measures can be enumerated in my department to come up with a disaster prevention plan.

Bergman, D., (2013). Resilience- word of the year. Resilience vol 6. Pg. 10-11. Retrieved from: http://www.resilience.org/tag-search-results/96085-disaster%20preparedness/79236

This peer reviewed article gives a layout of reactions to natural disasters such as earthquake. It deems urgency as an inappropriate reaction to disasters as it may be followed by another disaster thus it is good to take some time and involve experts. It gives resilience as the best and increasing way to react to disasters. It is helpful in my project as it will assist the department in coming up with better method of recovery in case of a disaster other than urgency. It also helps in ways to mitigate, adapt and prevent disaster and pandemic diseases which is very relevant in my project.