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Upload your final draft of the Arguing Both Sides essay.

Read the guidelines carefully in the book. You will choose one topic from the list in the book on p.89 – 90, and then you will write TWO papers, with a thesis at the top of each paper.

First, you are arguing for ONE side of an issue, and then in the next paper, you are arguing the OTHER side of the same issue.

No intro/conclusion necessary at this point and you are not acknowledging the opposing view since each paper IS the opposing view of each other.

Although sources are not required, if you choose to include facts, information, or references to people or events, then correct MLA citations are REQUIRED. Failure to include correct and appropriate MLA in-text citations and a Works Cited List will result in a failing essay grade and could result in a charge of plagiarism. 

Links: How to Cite Sources in MLA  (链接到外部网站。)and Sample Works Cited List  (链接到外部网站。)

You will write multiple drafts, which will be peer-reviewed online, and the final draft is submitted through Canvas which uses the third-party tool: Turnitin, the plagiarism detection website. 

Preparing an Argument – Exploring Both Sides of an Issue

The difference between:

  • a topic
  • an issue
  • a question at issue
  • a thesis

Example of a TOPIC: drinking – by itself, not an issue; not controversial or arguable.

Example of an ISSUE: The drinking age being raised to 21 years old – is arguable; a position either for or against will be taken.

Example of a QUESTION AT ISSUE: Should the drinking age be raised to 21 years old?

Example of an OPEN THESIS: The drinking age should be raised to 21 years old. States a position on the question at issue, but does not contain the reasons for the position.

Example of a CLOSED THESIS: The drinking age should be raised to 21 years old so there are fewer accidents. (What is the hidden, unstated assumption? Animals don’t deserve to be in pain.)

In other words: here is how you would put a THESIS in STANDARD FORM:

Premise 1: Teenage access to alcohol includes access to driving.

Premise 2: Drivers under 21 have more accidents

Conclusion: (Therefore): Raising the drinking age will decrease DUI's.

An effective argument MUST acknowledge BOTH sides of an argument.

Here is an example: (choose your own topic)

Proposal: Physical Education Courses Should Not Be Required

PRO (Support Proposal)

CON (Oppose Proposal)

1. PE grades unfairly lower the GPAs of some good students

1. Physical fitness is a critical part of education: "A sound mind in a sound body."

2. Students should exercise on their own time, not for credit.

2. Students need an occasional break from lectures, textbook, and exams.

3. School is for study, not play.

3. A few hours of PE courses never hurt anybody.

4. One gym course can't turn a poor athlete into a good one.

4. What good is improving your mind if your body is going to pieces?

5. Do taxpayers realize that they are paying for students to bowl and play badminton?

5. PE courses teach some valuable social skills.

6. PE courses can be dangerous.

6. Most students enjoy taking PE courses.

Focusing an argument begins with taking a clear stand on the issue. See if you can express your point of view in a one-sentence proposal, such as the following:

  • Students should (or should not) be required to pay for a campus parking permit.
  • U.S. citizens should (or should not) be allowed to cast their ballots online in all local, state, and national elections.
  • Cell phones should (or should not) be banned in all classrooms.

Each assignment must be formatted in MLA style and double-spaced. 

Two ways you must cite sources in MLA:

1. In the Works Cited list on a separate page at the end of your essay: this is where you put the whole citation with all the information about it

2. In the sentence where you quote or paraphrase it: this is called “in-text citation” because it is in your text, or “parenthetical citation” because you can put the author and/or page # in parentheses): put the author’s last name (or if there isn’t an author named, whatever comes first in the Works Cited entry) and page #

…Dogs can also help people cope with stress during crisis situations such as floods, earthquakes, and shootings. According to Jan Shubert, LCSW, animals have been used by emergency workers and therapists off and on since the 1800s, and this practice has increasingly been seen as an essential component of disaster response (75)

…Therapy dogs can actually provide real, measureable relief from physical pain and stress. In a study conducted in 2013, researchers provided short visits with therapy dogs for a group of fibromyalgia patients visiting a pain clinic. They report that "significant improvements were reported for pain, mood, and other measures of distress among patients after the therapy dog visit, but not the waiting room control” (Marcus et. al 43).

Works Cited

Marcus, Dawn A., et al. "Impact Of Animal-Assisted Therapy For Outpatients With Fibromyalgia." Pain Medicine 14.1 (2013): 43-51. Academic Search Complete. Web. 21 Feb. 2014.

Shubert, Jan. "Therapy Dogs And Stress Management Assistance During Disasters." U.S. Army Medical Department Journal (2012): 74-78. Academic Search Complete. Web. 21 Feb. 2014.

– composed by Gabe Winer

composed by Gabe Winer

Two ways you must cite sources in MLA:

1.

In the

Works Cited

list on a separate page at the end of your essay

: this is where you

put the whole citation with all the information about it

2.

In the sentence

where you quote or paraphrase it: this is called “

in

text citation

because it is in your text,

or “

parenthetical citation

because you can put the author

and/or page # in parentheses): put the author’s last name (or if there isn’t an author

named, whatever comes first in the Works Cited entry) and page #

Works Cited

Marcus

, Dawn A., et al. "Impact Of Animal

Assisted Therapy For Outpatients With Fibromyalgia."

Pain

Medicine

14.1 (2013): 43

51.

Academic Search Complete

. Web. 21 Feb. 2014.

Shubert

, Jan. "Therapy Dogs And Stress Management

Assistance During Disasters."

U.S. Army Medical

Department Journal

(2012): 74

78.

Academic Search Complete

. Web. 21 Feb. 2014.

…Dogs can also help people cope with stress during crisis situations such as floods, earthquakes,

and shootings. According to Jan

Shubert

, LCSW, animals have been used by emergency workers and

therapists off and on since the 1800s, and this practice h

as increasingly been seen as an essential

component of disaster response (75)

…Therapy dogs can actually provide real, measureable relief from physical pain and stress.

In a

study conducted in 2013, researchers provided short visits with therapy dogs for a

group of fibromyalgia

patients visiting a pain clinic. They report that "significant improvements were reported for pain, mood,

and other measures of distress among patients after the therapy dog visit, but not the waiting room

control” (

Marcus

et. al 43)

.

– composed by Gabe Winer

Two ways you must cite sources in MLA:

1. In the Works Cited list on a separate page at the end of your essay: this is where you

put the whole citation with all the information about it

2. In the sentence where you quote or paraphrase it: this is called “in-text citation”

because it is in your text, or “parenthetical citation” because you can put the author

and/or page # in parentheses): put the author’s last name (or if there isn’t an author

named, whatever comes first in the Works Cited entry) and page #

Works Cited

Marcus, Dawn A., et al. "Impact Of Animal-Assisted Therapy For Outpatients With Fibromyalgia." Pain

Medicine 14.1 (2013): 43-51. Academic Search Complete. Web. 21 Feb. 2014.

Shubert, Jan. "Therapy Dogs And Stress Management Assistance During Disasters." U.S. Army Medical

Department Journal (2012): 74-78. Academic Search Complete. Web. 21 Feb. 2014.

…Dogs can also help people cope with stress during crisis situations such as floods, earthquakes,

and shootings. According to Jan Shubert, LCSW, animals have been used by emergency workers and

therapists off and on since the 1800s, and this practice has increasingly been seen as an essential

component of disaster response (75)

…Therapy dogs can actually provide real, measureable relief from physical pain and stress. In a

study conducted in 2013, researchers provided short visits with therapy dogs for a group of fibromyalgia

patients visiting a pain clinic. They report that "significant improvements were reported for pain, mood,

and other measures of distress among patients after the therapy dog visit, but not the waiting room

control” (Marcus et. al 43).

,

Works Cited

Center the title, and capitalize and spell it correctly

Use a “hanging indent” – indent backwards: one way to do this is to highlight everything and use the little up arrow in the middle (vertically) on the ruler

"Blueprint Lays Out Clear Path for Climate Action." Environmental Defense Fund. Environmental Defense Fund, 8 May 2007. Web. 24 May 2009.

Clinton, Bill. Interview by Andrew C. Revkin. “Clinton on Climate Change.” New York Times. New York Times, May 2007. Web. 25 May 2009.

Dean, Cornelia. "Executive on a Mission: Saving the Planet." New York Times. New York Times, 22 May 2007. Web. 25 May 2009.

Ebert, Roger. "An Inconvenient Truth." Rev. of An Inconvenient Truth, dir. Davis Guggenheim. Rogerebert.com. Sun-Times News Group, 2 June 2006. Web. 24 May 2009.

GlobalWarming.org. Cooler Heads Coalition, 2007. Web. 24 May 2009.

Gowdy, John. "Avoiding Self-organized Extinction: Toward a Co-evolutionary Economics of Sustainability." International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology 14.1 (2007): 27-36. Print.

An Inconvenient Truth. Dir. Davis Guggenheim. Perf. Al Gore, Billy West. Paramount, 2006. DVD.

Leroux, Marcel. Global Warming: Myth Or Reality?: The Erring Ways of Climatology. New York: Springer, 2005. Print.

Milken, Michael, Gary Becker, Myron Scholes, and Daniel Kahneman. "On Global Warming and Financial Imbalances." New Perspectives Quarterly 23.4 (2006): 63. Print

Nordhaus, William D. "After Kyoto: Alternative Mechanisms to Control Global Warming." American Economic Review 96.2 (2006): 31-34. Print.

Shulte, Bret. "Putting a Price on Pollution." Usnews.com. US News & World Rept., 6 May 2007. Web. 24 May 2009.

Notice that this part is double spaced, Times New Roman, 12 point font just like everything else. It goes on a separate page at the end of the paper. If it’s a short paper, outline, etc., it’s probably OK to put it on the same page to save paper.

Put the entries in alphabetical order (A>>Z) by the first letter of the entry (usually author, but if there’s no author, whatever is first)

Best way I know to make a Works Cited page:

1. Open a word document and write Works Cited at the top.

2. In another window on your screen, create citations for sources you are using, and paste them onto your Works Cited page:

If you are using a database, they will have a button to click that automatically gives you a citation. Be sure to choose MLA, or whichever style your assignment asks for – you may have to scroll down a menu to find it.

If you are not using a source that has a ready-made citation for you, open a new window or tab on your browser and use an online citation generator. Here are two of many choices:

Easy Bib: http://www.easybib.com/

· Paste a url (web address) in the box

· Continue

· Add any other information you have (you might not have any more)

· Copy the citation & paste to your Works Cited page

Knight Cite: https://www.calvin.edu/library/knightcite/

· Choose MLA 7th (or another style if your assignment asks for it)

· Choose the kind of source

· Put all the information you have in the form (often you can’t find all of it), being careful to follow the patterns they give you under the boxes

· http://0.tqn.com/d/homeworktips/1/0/5/9/-/-/wordsort.pngCopy the citation & paste to your Works Cited page

After you have all your sources on the page (you can still add more later),

· Highlight everything

· Double space, remove space before/after paragraphs, Times New Roman 12 point font

· Alphabetize A > Z by whatever is first (look up in the middle of the toolbar:

· The three indent markersset the Hanging Indent with the arrow in the middle:

http://thecomputerspirit.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/format-painter-ribbon-large.jpgNote: if things still look weird because they don’t want to lose their formatting, try using Format Painter: highlight a word that looks right, click the painter, then paint the format on other words. Caution: you may have to re-italicize words after this.

Other helpful sites for MLA style:

http://honolulu.hawaii.edu/library/mlahcc7th.html

http://www.liu.edu/cwis/cwp/library/workshop/citmla.htm

– created by Gabe Winer