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Your thread must be placed in the Discussion Board text box and adhere precisely to the following headings and format:

  

Dimension

Nation 1

Nation 2

Nation 3

USA

 

PDI

 

IDV

 

MAS

 

UAI

 

LTO

  • SECTION 2: Analysis of Section I Results (500 words)
  • countries are denmark, germany, and italy

In your own words, provide and answer to each of the following questions:

1. How do the dimensions of management culture of the 3 foreign nations differ from each other?

2. How do the dimensions of management culture of the 3 foreign nations differ from the USA?

3. How are the dimensions of management culture of the 3 foreign nations similar to each other?

4. How are the dimensions of management culture of the 3 foreign nations similar to the USA?

plus three additional replies to other students (150 words each)

BMAL 604

Discussion Board Forum 5 Instructions

Hofstede Analysis

Using the Hofstede national management dimensions of culture, you will conduct and discuss a comparative analysis of 3 foreign nations and the USA.

The Discussion Board Forum assignment consists of 3 parts.

Part 1 – Reservation

Your instructor will provide a list of nations for this Discussion Board Forum. After reviewing the provided list of nations, select the 3 foreign nations you wish to compare national management dimensions with the USA and post a thread reserving the nations you select. Be sure to check the Discussion Board area prior to posting your reservation to ensure no one else has reserved those 3 nations. In the event any of the nations you wish to explore is already reserved by someone else, simply move on to another nation on the list. Duplicate postings will not earn credit under any circumstance (this includes posting work submitted in a previous course). Do not ask the instructor to accept a duplicate posting as this is not fair to those who followed these explicit directions. Be sure to include the names of the 3 nations you selected in your Discussion Board Forum subject line. Submit your selected 3 nations by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Monday of Module/Week 5.

Part 2 – Thread

After you have successfully reserved the 3 nations that interest you the most, compare the dimensions of national management cultures with the Hofstede dimensions of management cultures identified in the USA.

Your thread must be placed in the Discussion Board text box and adhere precisely to the following headings and format:

· SECTION I: Dimensions of Management Culture Comparison Chart (refer to https://geerthofstede.com/culture-geert-hofstede-gert-jan-hofstede/6d-model-of-national-culture).

Dimension

Nation 1

Nation 2

Nation 3

USA

PDI

IDV

MAS

UAI

LTO

· SECTION 2: Analysis of Section I Results (500 words)

In your own words, provide and answer to each of the following questions:

1. How do the dimensions of management culture of the 3 foreign nations differ from each other?

2. How do the dimensions of management culture of the 3 foreign nations differ from the USA?

3. How are the dimensions of management culture of the 3 foreign nations similar to each other?

4. How are the dimensions of management culture of the 3 foreign nations similar to the USA?

Submit Discussion Board Forum 5 – Thread by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Thursday of Module/Week 5.

Part 3 – Replies (150 words each)

Additionally, you will be required to post substantive written replies to at least 3 other students’ threads.

Submit Discussion Board Forum 5 – Replies by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Sunday of Module/Week 6.

Page 2 of 2

,

Comparison of the USA to Netherlands, Denmark and Croatia

Section 1

Dimension

Netherlands

Denmark

Croatia

USA

PDI

 23-40

 23-40

 68-74

 23-40

IDV

 56-65

 56-65

33-41

77-91

MAS

63-73

63-73

48-64

 55-62

UAI

 41-70

41-70

41-70

37-46

LTO

0

0

110-145

176-213

Analysis of Results

How do the dimensions of management culture of the 3 foreign nations differ from each other?

Out of the three countries, Croatia appears to be the outlier. Which can be somewhat understandable due to the proximity of the Netherlands and Denmark and their distance from Croatia. The influence provides the diversification aligning the Dutch and the Danes with a more Western European alignment and Croatia more comparable to Eastern Europe influence. Consider power distance as a sample and Denmark and Netherlands model a lower score identifying that leaders know their people, whereas Croatia appears to have a more significant distance between leaders and members. There is also a gap in the dimensions of individualism, with the Western countries placing more emphasis on task and masculinity than Croatia. At first glance these seems odd but could likely be attributed to the intent of teams being more decentralized and effective on an individual basis whereas Croatia may be a bit more centralized from a management perspective.

How do the dimensions of management culture of the 3 foreign nations differ from the USA?

Overall Croatia continues to stand alone when looking for differences as compared to the US. The largest spread occurs in the collectivism / individualism dimension where the US is a strong collectivism culture and Croatia is (within this study) the most individualistic culture. Beyond that dimension the differences are minimal. The only other notable difference comes from a lack of data from Netherlands and Denmark in their long / short term orientation dimension. Beyond that the comparable are more aligned and will be addressed in subsequent comments below.

How are the dimensions of management culture of the 3 foreign nations similar to each other?

As mentioned above, Denmark and Netherlands have similar results in most categories, even to the point where there is no data available for short / long term orientation. This again is likely due to the more similar cultures and cohesion amongst the Wester European countries. The only area where all three countries aligned is uncertainty avoidance dimension. In this dimension all three are middle of the road indicating that in the face of uncertainty they may or may not develop anxiety and have some semblance of rituals and consistency when capable. This appears to be an ability to remain flexible and go with the flow when needed, yet a slight preference to routine. From time spent in Croatia and the Netherlands, I can understand this first hand. I’ve partnered with security professionals from both countries and they have an understanding of keeping things routine but seemed unphased by changes regardless of the notice or impact. Many would think that all security professionals would operate in this manner, but experience says different. It was culturally evident that these countries have a sense of calm, even in the face of uncertainty.

How are the dimensions of management culture of the 3 foreign nations similar to the USA?

Again, consistency rules in this study with the Dutch, and Danes aligning in a few categories with the US. The power distance dimensions are identical across the three countries. This isn’t hard to assume or understand given the influence of those countries on our culture in business. I would tend to believe this may shift given the emerging global economy for all businesses not just large corporations. The next closest dimension was uncertainty avoidance where the 3 foreign countries were aligned, and the US was slightly more tolerant to uncertainty. From here the discrepancies grew and are addressed in the appropriate sections.

,

Australia, Canad, Israel

COLLAPSE

Top of Form

Dimension

Australia

Canada

Israel

USA

PDI

38

39

13

40

IDV

90

80

54

91

MAS

61

52

47

62

UAI

51

48

81

46

LTO

21

36

38

26

SECTION 2: Analysis of Section I Results (500 words)

1. How do the dimensions of management culture of the 3 foreign nations differ from each other? I know that Hofstede mentioned that the numbers do not have much meaning, but as I did my research and compare the numbers you can see that Australia and Canada have a large amount in common. Israel seems to truly be its own individual within the three nations that I chose. The variety of immigrants in Israel accounts for a large part of its results. Israel is the only country in the world where the size of the immigrant groups is so large that they influence the dominant values to the extent that new citizens of Israel change the existing values. You can see that Australia and Canada are nations that are more of an everyman for themselves. Individuals within these countries make decisions for their selves and who they want to be where they want to be in life. Israel has a more hands on manager trainee approach whereas with Australia and Canada the managers expect you to figure out and understand the business for yourself.

2. How do the dimensions of management culture of the 3 foreign nations differ from the USA? These three nations differ from the USA because a lot of the United States dimensions of management culture have been established based on experiences. Although the USA is tolerant of outside opinions, innovation, and do not require a lot of rules 9/11 caused the USA to be more precocious, because they have no idea when tragedy may strike again so they monitor everything and one. It is almost if they are melding with people’s freedom or should I say independence which to me goes against the United States strong views of individualism and power distance where they are made to be their own person.

3. How are the dimensions of management culture of the 3 foreign nations similar to each other? Within Australia, Canada and Israel they all have the same idea when it comes to Long Term Orientation (LTO). All three nations are concerned with establishing the absolute truth; they are normative in their thinking. They exhibit great respect for traditions, a relatively small propensity to save for the future, and a focus on achieving quick results. They also are similar when it comes to individualism (IDV) although Israel is a mix of individualism and collectivism these nations find it important to be concerned with the well-being of self and the immediate family. Looking out for the well-being of anyone outside of that circle for loyalty is far -fetched because it is hard to trust anyone when you are a-apart of culture that shapes you to be independent learning for yourself at your own pace with very little guidance outside of home.

4. How are the dimensions of management culture of the 3 foreign nations similar to the USA? The dimensions of management are similar amongst the four nations because within all for nations they have a level of communication that is informal but direct. They leave the line of commucation open between managers and employees. Although three of the nations take on the role of employees learning for themselves they still can all agree that communication is important. They all also believe in traditions, establishing the absolute truth, and their style of thinking. Leisure time with family after hard work is also essential what is considered as leisure may vary from each nation but their want to indulgent after time spent at work ranked really high for all of them.  

 

 

Bottom of Form

,

Comparison of the USA to Netherlands, Denmark and Croatia

Section 1

Dimension

Netherlands

Denmark

Croatia

USA

PDI

 23-40

 23-40

 68-74

 23-40

IDV

 56-65

 56-65

33-41

77-91

MAS

63-73

63-73

48-64

 55-62

UAI

 41-70

41-70

41-70

37-46

LTO

0

0

110-145

176-213

Analysis of Results

How do the dimensions of management culture of the 3 foreign nations differ from each other?

Out of the three countries, Croatia appears to be the outlier. Which can be somewhat understandable due to the proximity of the Netherlands and Denmark and their distance from Croatia. The influence provides the diversification aligning the Dutch and the Danes with a more Western European alignment and Croatia more comparable to Eastern Europe influence. Consider power distance as a sample and Denmark and Netherlands model a lower score identifying that leaders know their people, whereas Croatia appears to have a more significant distance between leaders and members. There is also a gap in the dimensions of individualism, with the Western countries placing more emphasis on task and masculinity than Croatia. At first glance these seems odd but could likely be attributed to the intent of teams being more decentralized and effective on an individual basis whereas Croatia may be a bit more centralized from a management perspective.

How do the dimensions of management culture of the 3 foreign nations differ from the USA?

Overall Croatia continues to stand alone when looking for differences as compared to the US. The largest spread occurs in the collectivism / individualism dimension where the US is a strong collectivism culture and Croatia is (within this study) the most individualistic culture. Beyond that dimension the differences are minimal. The only other notable difference comes from a lack of data from Netherlands and Denmark in their long / short term orientation dimension. Beyond that the comparable are more aligned and will be addressed in subsequent comments below.

How are the dimensions of management culture of the 3 foreign nations similar to each other?

As mentioned above, Denmark and Netherlands have similar results in most categories, even to the point where there is no data available for short / long term orientation. This again is likely due to the more similar cultures and cohesion amongst the Wester European countries. The only area where all three countries aligned is uncertainty avoidance dimension. In this dimension all three are middle of the road indicating that in the face of uncertainty they may or may not develop anxiety and have some semblance of rituals and consistency when capable. This appears to be an ability to remain flexible and go with the flow when needed, yet a slight preference to routine. From time spent in Croatia and the Netherlands, I can understand this first hand. I’ve partnered with security professionals from both countries and they have an understanding of keeping things routine but seemed unphased by changes regardless of the notice or impact. Many would think that all security professionals would operate in this manner, but experience says different. It was culturally evident that these countries have a sense of calm, even in the face of uncertainty.

How are the dimensions of management culture of the 3 foreign nations similar to the USA?

Again, consistency rules in this study with the Dutch, and Danes aligning in a few categories with the US. The power distance dimensions are identical across the three countries. This isn’t hard to assume or understand given the influence of those countries on our culture in business. I would tend to believe this may shift given the emerging global economy for all businesses not just large corporations. The next closest dimension was uncertainty avoidance where the 3 foreign countries were aligned, and the US was slightly more tolerant to uncertainty. From here the discrepancies grew and are addressed in the appropriate sections.

,

RUNNING HEAD: HOFSTEDES

Discussion Board Forum 5

Troy G. Reeves

Liberty University

BMAL 604

Hofstede’s Analysis

Norway, Belgium & Malta

Section 1: Dimensions of Management Culture Comparison

Hofstede’s Dimensions of Management Cultural Comparison Chart.

Dimension

Norway

Belgium

Malta

USA

PDI

31

65

56

40

IDV

69

75

59

91

MAS

8

54

47

62

UAI

50

94

96

46

LTO

35

82

47

26

Section 2: Analysis 

How do the dimensions of management culture of the 3 foreign nations differ from each other?

After reviewing the Hofstede’s Dimensions of Management Cultural Comparison Chart for the countries Norway, Belgium, and Malta, the author was able to conclude how the countries differed and compared to each other on diverse dimensions. Regarding power distance (PDI), Belgium and Malta have a hierarchical society, Norway, on the other hand, believes in being independent, hierarchy for convenience only, equal rights, superiors accessible, coaching leader, management facilitates and authorizations. Individualism (IDV), is low with Malta which indicates there is a high preference for a flexible social structure in which individuals are expected to take care of themselves and their immediate families only, Norway and Belgium score higher on the IDV which means they favor individual and private opinions, taking care of themselves and immediate family rather than belonging to a group.

A noticeable difference between the countries is the masculinity index (MAS), as Norway scores 8 and is considered the second most feminine society. This means that the softer aspects of culture are valued and encouraged such as leveling with others, consensus, independent cooperation and sympathy. Belgium and Malta show no clear cultural tendency is shown based upon their intermediate level scoring. Belgium and Malta score highly in regards to uncertainty avoidance (UAI), therefore planning is favored, some level of expertise welcome, when change policies on the other hand are considered stressful. Malta scores 96 on this dimension and thus has a preference for avoiding uncertainty while Norway is considered neutral with a score of 50 and thus does not indicate a preference on this dimension. Lastly, long term orientation (LTO), is high with Belgium classifying them as a pragmatic culture. With a relatively low score of 35, Norwegian culture is more normative than pragmatic. People in such societies have a strong concern with establishing the absolute truth.

How do the dimensions of management culture of the 3 foreign nations differ from the USA?

Comparison to the other three countries and the United States, the United States rates lower on the PDI just slightly above Norway. Compared to the other three countries, the US is very much an individualist’s society based upon the score of 91. In the US, people can think and speak on their behalf and make decisions for themselves, whereas other countries do not have that option. The MAS is high compared to the other countries which indicate that the society will be driven by competition, achievement and success, with success being defined by the winner. The US scores below average, with a low score of 46, on the UAI dimension. As a consequence, the perceived context in which Americans find themselves will impact their behavior more than if the culture would have either scored higher or lower. The United States scores normative on the fifth dimension LTO with a low score of 26 as Americans are prone to evaluate new information to determine validity.

How are the dimensions of management culture of the 3 foreign nations similar to each other?

Belgium and Malta score 65 and 56 revealing that two of the three countries are similar in position of PDI which means that it is a hierarchical society. This means that people accept a hierarchical order in which everybody has a place and which needs no further justification. The evaluation of these countries in the dimension of individualism shows that all three of these countries scored high. Malta with the lowest IDV score represents there is a high preference for a flexible social structure in which individuals are expected to take care of themselves and their immediate families only. Norway also with a score of 69 is considered an individualist society. Belgium and Malta score similarly in the UAI index therefore there is preference for avoiding uncertainty and planning is favored, some level of expertise welcome, when change policies on the other hand are considered stressful.

How are the dimensions of management culture of the 3 foreign nations similar to the USA?

Utilizing Hofstede’s Dimensions of Management Cultural Comparison Chart to compare these three countries to the USA reveals similarities. In the dimension of IDV all four countries were similar in score. This revealed that on average they favor an individualistic society versus a collectivistic society. Though, in the other dimensions there were greater differences, the similarities are fragmented and even then only were similar in a couple of sections such as UAI where the US and Norway are similarly neutral. The LTO of all these nations except for Belgium, have similar score averages to the USA which indicates Belgians show an ability to adapt traditions easily to changed conditions, a strong propensity to save and invest, thriftiness, and perseverance in achieving results.

,

Australia, Canad, Israel

COLLAPSE

Top of Form

Dimension

Australia

Canada

Israel

USA

PDI

38

39

13

40

IDV

90

80

54

91

MAS

61

52

47

62

UAI

51

48

81

46

LTO

21

36

38

26

SECTION 2: Analysis of Section I Results (500 words)

1. How do the dimensions of management culture of the 3 foreign nations differ from each other? I know that Hofstede mentioned that the numbers do not have much meaning, but as I did my research and compare the numbers you can see that Australia and Canada have a large amount in common. Israel seems to truly be its own individual within the three nations that I chose. The variety of immigrants in Israel accounts for a large part of its results. Israel is the only country in the world where the size of the immigrant groups is so large that they influence the dominant values to the extent that new citizens of Israel change the existing values. You can see that Australia and Canada are nations that are more of an everyman for themselves. Individuals within these countries make decisions for their selves and who they want to be where they want to be in life. Israel has a more hands on manager trainee approach whereas with Australia and Canada the managers expect you to figure out and understand the business for yourself.

2. How do the dimensions of management culture of the 3 foreign nations differ from the USA? These three nations differ from the USA because a lot of the United States dimensions of management culture have been established based on experiences. Although the USA is tolerant of outside opinions, innovation, and do not require a lot of rules 9/11 caused the USA to be more precocious, because they have no idea when tragedy may strike again so they monitor everything and one. It is almost if they are melding with people’s freedom or should I say independence which to me goes against the United States strong views of individualism and power distance where they are made to be their own person.

3. How are the dimensions of management culture of the 3 foreign nations similar to each other? Within Australia, Canada and Israel they all have the same idea when it comes to Long Term Orientation (LTO). All three nations are concerned with establishing the absolute truth; they are normative in their thinking. They exhibit great respect for traditions, a relatively small propensity to save for the future, and a focus on achieving quick results. They also are similar when it comes to individualism (IDV) although Israel is a mix of individualism and collectivism these nations find it important to be concerned with the well-being of self and the immediate family. Looking out for the well-being of anyone outside of that circle for loyalty is far -fetched because it is hard to trust anyone when you are a-apart of culture that shapes you to be independent learning for yourself at your own pace with very little guidance outside of home.

4. How are the dimensions of management culture of the 3 foreign nations similar to the USA? The dimensions of management are similar amongst the four nations because within all for nations they have a level of communication that is informal but direct. They leave the line of commucation open between managers and employees. Although three of the nations take on the role of employees learning for themselves they still can all agree that communication is important. They all also believe in traditions, establishing the absolute truth, and their style of thinking. Leisure time with family after hard work is also essential what is considered as leisure may vary from each nation but their want to indulgent after time spent at work ranked really high for all of them.  

 

 

Bottom of Form

,

Comparison of the USA to Netherlands, Denmark and Croatia

Section 1

Dimension

Netherlands

Denmark

Croatia

USA

PDI

 23-40

 23-40

 68-74

 23-40

IDV

 56-65

 56-65

33-41

77-91

MAS

63-73

63-73

48-64

 55-62

UAI

 41-70

41-70

41-70

37-46

LTO

0

0

110-145

176-213

Analysis of Results

How do the dimensions of management culture of the 3 foreign nations differ from each other?

Out of the three countries, Croatia appears to be the outlier. Which can be somewhat understandable due to the proximity of the Netherlands and Denmark and their distance from Croatia. The influence provides the diversification aligning the Dutch and the Danes with a more Western European alignment and Croatia more comparable to Eastern Europe influence. Consider power distance as a sample and Denmark and Netherlands model a lower score identifying that leaders know their people, whereas Croatia appears to have a more significant distance between leaders and members. There is also a gap in the dimensions of individualism, with the Western countries placing more emphasis on task and masculinity than Croatia. At first glance these seems odd but could likely be attributed to the intent of teams being more decentralized and effective on an individual basis whereas Croatia may be a bit more centralized from a management perspective.

How do the dimensions of management culture of the 3 foreign nations differ from the USA?

Overall Croatia continues to stand alone when looking for differences as compared to the US. The largest spread occurs in the collectivism / individualism dimension where the US is a strong collectivism culture and Croatia is (within this study) the most individualistic culture. Beyond that dimension the differences are minimal. The only other notable difference comes from a lack of data from Netherlands and Denmark in their long / short term orientation dimension. Beyond that the comparable are more aligned and will be addressed in subsequent comments below.